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Old 08-06-2011, 01:18 PM  
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August 6 (cont.)

This Day In History

Quote:
1928 ? Andy Warhol, American artist (d. 1987)
1929 ? Roch La Salle, Canadian politician (d. 2007)
1929 ? Mike Elliott (saxophonist), Jamaican born ska, pop, jazz musician
1930 ? Abbey Lincoln, American jazz singer (d. 2010)
1931 ? Chalmers Johnson, American political scholar and author (d. 2010)
1932 ? Howard Hodgkin, British painter
1933 ? A. G. Kripal Singh, Indian cricketer (d. 1987)
1934 ? Piers Anthony, English writer
1934 ? Chris Bonington, British mountaineer
1934 ? Billy Boston, Welsh rugby league footballer
1935 ? Fortunato Cardinal Baldelli, Cardinal-Major Penitentiary of the Apostolic Penitentiary
1937 ? Baden Powell de Aquino, Brazilian guitarist (d. 2000)
1937 ? Barbara Windsor, English actress
1938 ? Paul Bartel, American actor (d. 2000)
1938 ? Peter Bonerz, American actor
1940 ? Mukhu Aliyev, Russian politician
1940 ? Louise Sorel, American actress
1941 ? Lyle Berman, American poker player
1941 ? Ray Culp, American baseball player
1942 ? George Jung, American convicted drug trafficker
1943 ? Jon Postel, American computer scientist (d. 1998)
1944 ? Inday Badiday, Filipina journalist and television personality (d. 2003)
1945 ? Ron Jones, British TV director (d. 1993)
1945 ? Andy Messersmith, American baseball player
1946 ? Allan Holdsworth, British guitarist and composer
1946 ? Masaaki Sakai, Japanese comedian
1947 ? Tony Dell, Australian cricketer
1949 ? Dino Bravo, Canadian professional wrestler (d. 1993)
1949 ? Alan Campbell, Northern Irish clergyman
1949 ? Clarence Richard Silva, American Catholic Bishop of Honolulu
1950 ? Dorian Harewood, American actor
1951 ? Catherine Hicks, American actress
1951 ? Daryl Somers, Australian television personality
1952 ? Vinnie Vincent, American musician (Kiss)
1952 ? Ton Scherpenzeel, Dutch keyboard player
1952 ? Pat MacDonald (musician), American musician and songwriter
1953 ? Iqbal Qasim, Pakistani cricketer
1954 ? Paul Steigerwald, American sports announcer
1955 ? Gregory Bryant-Bey, American convicted murderer (d. 2008)
1955 ? Rusty Magee, American composer (d. 2003)
1956 ? Stepfanie Kramer, American actress
1957 ? Bob Horner, American baseball player
1957 ? Jim McGreevey, American politician
1958 ? Randy DeBarge, American bass guitarist and singer
1960 ? Dale Ellis, American basketball player
1962 ? Marc Lavoine, French singer and actor
1962 ? Michelle Yeoh, Malaysian-born Hong Kong actress
1963 ? Charles Ingram, British game show contestant
1963 ? Kevin Mitnick, American computer hacker
1964 ? Moosie Drier, American actor and director
1964 ? Gary Valenciano, Filipino singer
1965 ? Yuki Kajiura, Japanese composer
1965 ? Juliane K?hler, German actress
1965 ? David Robinson, American basketball player
1965 ? Mark Speight, British television presenter (d. 2008)
1965 ? Vincent Wells, England cricketer
1967 ? Archbishop Alexy Bondarenko, Ukrainian-born American theologian
1967 ? Mike Greenberg, American sportscaster
1967 ? Julie Snyder, Quebec talk show host and producer
1969 ? Simon Doull, New Zealand cricketer
1969 ? Elliott Smith, American musician (d. 2003)
1970 ? M. Night Shyamalan, Indian-born American film director
1970 ? Erwin Thijs, Belgian cyclist
1971 ? Merrin Dungey, American actress
1971 ? Scott Minto, English footballer
1971 ? Piyal Wijetunge, Sri Lankan cricketer
1972 ? Geri Halliwell, British singer (Spice Girls)
1973 ? Vera Farmiga, American actress
1973 ? Max Kellerman, American sportscaster
1973 ? Monica Goodling, American George W. Bush Administration appointee
1973 ? Stuart O'Grady, Australian cyclist
1973 ? Karenna Gore Schiff, American author and political figure
1974 ? Ever Carradine, American actress
1974 ? Luis Vizcaino, Dominican baseball player
1974 ? Alvin Williams, American basketball player
1975 ? Renate G?tschl, Austrian alpine skier
1975 ? Victor Zambrano, Venezuelan baseball player
1976 ? Soleil Moon Frye, American actress
1976 ? Melissa George, Australian actress
1977 ? Leandro Amaral, Brazilian footballer
1977 ? Jennifer Lyons, American actress
1977 ? Jimmy Nielsen, Danish footballer
1977 ? Luciano Zavagno, Argentine footballer
1978 ? Brian Maillard, Swiss guitarist (Dominici)
1978 ? Marisa Miller, American model
1979 ? Francesco Bellotti, Italian cyclist
1980 ? Danny Collins, Welsh footballer
1980 ? Wilber Pan, American-born Taiwanese singer and actor
1980 ? Seneca Wallace, American football player
1982 ? Adrianne Curry, American model and reality television personality
1982 ? Kevin van der Perren, Belgian figure skater
1982 ? Romola Garai, British actress and model
1983 ? C. J. Mosley, American football player
1983 ? Robin van Persie, Dutch footballer
1984 ? Vedad Ibisevic, Bosnian footballer
1985 ? Micka?l Delage, French cyclist
1985 ? Baf?timbi Gomis, French footballer
1985 ? Garrett Weber-Gale, American swimmer
1986 ? Raphael Pyrasch, German rugby player
1987 ? Joran van der Sloot, Dutch figure in the Natalee Holloway case
1988 ? Jared Murillo, American dancer
1990 ? JonBen?t Ramsey, American beauty pageant contestant and murder victim (d. 1996)
1991 ? Jiao Liuyang, Chinese swimmer
2001 ? Ty Simpkins, American actor
[edit]Deaths

258 ? Pope Sixtus II (birth date unknown)
523 ? Pope Hormisdas (b. c. 450)
1162 ? Ramon Berenguer IV, Count of Barcelona (b. c. 1113)
1195 ? Henry the Lion, Duke of Saxony and Bavaria (b. 1129)
1221 ? Saint Dominic, Spanish founder of the Dominican Order (b. 1170)
1272 ? King Stephen V of Hungary (b. 1239)
1414 ? King Ladislaus of Naples (b. 1377)
1458 ? Pope Callixtus III (b. 1378)
1623 ? Anne Hathaway, English wife of William Shakespeare (b. 1555 or 1556)
1628 ? Johannes Junius, German Mayor of Bamberg, condemned to death at the Bamberg witch trials (b. 1573)
1637 ? Ben Jonson, English writer (b. 1572)
1645 ? Lionel Cranfield, 1st Earl of Middlesex, English merchant (b. 1575)
1657 ? Bohdan Khmelnytsky, Ukrainian-born Polish-Lithuanian noble
1660 ? Diego Vel?zquez, Spanish painter (b. 1599)
1679 ? John Snell, English royalist (b. 1629)
1694 ? Antoine Arnauld, French philosopher and mathematician (b. 1612)
1695 ? Fran?ois de Harlay de Champvallon, French Catholic archbishop (b. 1625)
1753 ? Georg Wilhelm Richmann, Russian physicist (struck by lightning) (b. 1711)
1759 ? Eugene Aram, English philologist (b. 1704)
1794 ? Henry Bathurst, 2nd Earl Bathurst, British politician (b. 1714)
1815 ? James A. Bayard (elder), American Senator from Delaware (b. 1767)
1828 ? Konstantin von Benckendorff, Russian general and statesman (b. 1785)
1850 ? Edward Walsh, Irish poet (b. 1805)
1866 ? John Mason Neale, English divine, scholar and hymnwriter (b. 1818)
1881 ? James Springer White, American co-founder of the Seventh-day Adventist Church (b. 1821)
1884 ? Robert Spear Hudson, English businessman (b. 1812)
1890 ? William Kemmler, American axe murderer (b. 1860)
1893 ? Jean-Jacques Challet-Venel, member of the Swiss Federal Council (b. 1811)
1904 ? Eduard Hanslick, Austrian music critic (b. 1825)
1914 ? Ellen Louise Wilson, first wife of U.S. President Woodrow Wilson (b. 1860)
1920 ? Stefan Bastyr, Polish aviator, author of the first military flight in independent Poland (b. 1890)
1925 ? Sir Surendranath Banerjea, Indian leader of the Indian National Congress (b. 1848)
1931 ? Bix Beiderbecke, American jazz cornetist and pianist (b. 1903)
1945 ? Richard Bong, American ace fighter pilot, Medal of Honor recipient (b. 1920)
1945 ? Hiram Johnson, American politician (b. 1866)
1945 ? Wu, Prince of Korea (b. 1912)
1946 ? Tony Lazzeri, American baseball player (b. 1903)
1959 ? Preston Sturges, American playwright, screenwriter, and director (b. 1898)
1964 ? Sir Cedric Hardwicke, English actor (b. 1893)
1966 ? Cordwainer Smith, American writer (b. 1913)
1969 ? Theodor Adorno, German sociologist and philosopher (b. 1903)
1970 ? Nikos Tsiforos, Greek screenwriter and film director (b. 1912)
1973 ? Fulgencio Batista, Cuban president and de facto leader (b. 1901)
1973 ? Memphis Minnie, American blues singer (b. 1897)
1974 ? Gene Ammons, American jazz saxophonist (b. 1925)
1976 ? Gregor Piatigorsky, Russian cellist (b. 1903)
1978 ? Pope Paul VI (b. 1897)
1978 ? Edward Durell Stone, American architect (b. 1902)
1979 ? Feodor Felix Konrad Lynen, German biochemist, Nobel Laureate (b. 1911)
1983 ? Klaus Nomi, German singer (b. 1944)


1991 ? Harry Reasoner, American television reporter (b. 1923)
1992 ? Leszek Błażyński, Polish boxer (b. 1949)
1993 ? Tex Hughson, American baseball player (b. 1916)
1994 ? Domenico Modugno, Italian singer and songwriter (b. 1928)
1998 ? Andr? Weil, French mathematician (b. 1906)
1999 ? Rita Sakellariou, Greek singer (b. 1934)
2001 ? Jorge Amado, Brazilian writer (b. 1912)
2001 ? Wilhelm Mohnke, one of the original 120 members of the Nazi SS-Staff Guard (b. 1911)
2001 ? Dorothy Tutin, English actress (b. 1930)
2002 ? Edsger Dijkstra, Dutch computer scientist (b. 1930)
2004 ? Rick James, American R&B singer and multi-instrumentalist (b. 1948)
2005 ? Keter Betts, American jazz bassist (b. 1928)
2005 ? Robin Cook, British politician (b. 1946)
2005 ? Ibrahim Ferrer, Cuban singer (Buena Vista Social Club) (b. 1927)
2007 ? Heinz Barth, German SS officer (b. 1920)
2007 ? Zsolt Daczi, Hungarian rock guitarist (b. 1969)
2008 ? Angelos Kitsos, Greek lawyer and script writer (b. 1934)
2009 ? Riccardo Cassin, Italian mountaineer (b. 1909)
2009 ? Willy DeVille, American singer and songwriter (b. 1950)
2009 ? John Hughes, American film director (b. 1950)
2009 ? W. S. Rendra, Indonesian poet and playwright (b. 1935)
[edit]Holidays and observances
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Old 08-06-2011, 03:00 PM  
mohel
 
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August 6

This Day In History

Hiroshima is the capital of Hiroshima Prefecture, and the largest city in the Chūgoku region of western Honshu, the largest island of Japan. It became best known as the first city in history to be destroyed by a nuclear weapon when the United States Army Air Forces (USAAF) dropped an atomic bomb on it at 8:15 A.M. on August 6, 1945, near the end of World War II.[1]

Quote:
On Monday, August 6, 1945, at 8:15 AM, the Atomic Bomb "Little Boy" was dropped on Hiroshima by an American B-29 bomber, the Enola Gay,[16] directly killing an estimated 80,000 people. By the end of the year, injury and radiation brought total casualties to 90,000?140,000.[17] Approximately 69% of the city's buildings were completely destroyed, and about 7% severely damaged.
Research about the effects of the attack was restricted during the occupation of Japan, and information censored until the signing of the San Francisco Peace Treaty in 1951, restoring control to the Japanese.[18]
The oleander is the official flower of the city of Hiroshima because it was the first to bloom again after the explosion of the atomic bomb in 1945.

On September 17, 1945, Hiroshima was struck by the Makurazaki Typhoon (Typhoon Ida). Hiroshima prefecture suffered more than 3,000 deaths and injuries, about half the national total.[19] More than half the bridges in the city were destroyed, along with heavy damage to roads and railroads, further devastating the city.[20]
Hiroshima was rebuilt after the war, with the help from the national government through the Hiroshima Peace Memorial City Construction Law passed in 1949. It provided financial assistance for reconstruction, along with land donated that was previously owned by the national government and used for military purposes.[21]


Atomic Bomb Dome by Jan Letzel and modern Hiroshima
In 1949, a design was selected for the Hiroshima Peace Memorial Park. Hiroshima Prefectural Industrial Promotion Hall, the closest surviving building to the location of the bomb's detonation, was designated the Genbaku Dome or "Atomic Dome", a part of the Hiroshima Peace Memorial Park. The Hiroshima Peace Memorial Museum was opened in 1955 in the Peace Park.[22]
RALPH BARD:

AN ALTERNATIVE TO A-BOMBING JAPAN

Ralph Bard's Alternative to A-bombing Japan

Quote:
For the rest of his life, Bard insisted that this approach would have been better than using atomic bombs on the people of Japan.

The following is the complete text of Bard's 6/27/45 memo. A few notes of explanation: "S-1 bomb" means atomic bomb. The "three-power conference" refers to the Potsdam Conference between the leaders of the Great Britain, Russia, and the U.S., scheduled to begin on 7/16/45. "Russia's position" refers to the likelihood of Russia soon declaring war on Japan. "Assurances... with regard to the Emperor" referred to telling Japan that they could keep their Emperor, whom they believed to be a god.

MEMORANDUM ON THE USE OF S-1 BOMB
Ever since I have been in touch with this program I have had a feeling that before the bomb is actually used against Japan that Japan should have some preliminary warning for say two or three days in advance of use. The position of the United States as a great humanitarian nation and the fair play attitude of our people generally is responsible in the main for this feeling.

During recent weeks I have also had the feeling very definitely that the Japanese government may be searching for some opportunity which they could use as a medium of surrender. Following the three-power conference emissaries from this country could contact representatives from Japan somewhere on the China Coast and make representations with regard to Russia's position and at the same time give them some information regarding the proposed use of atomic power, together with whatever assurances the President might care to make with regard to the Emperor of Japan and the treatment of the Japanese nation following unconditional surrender. It seems quite possible to me that this presents the opportunity which the Japanese are looking for.

I don't see that we have anything in particular to lose in following such a program. The stakes are so tremendous that it is my opinion very real consideration should be given to some plan of this kind. I do not believe under present circumstances existing that there is anyone in this country whose evaluation of the chances of the success of such a program is worth a great deal. The only way to find out is to try it out.

RALPH BARD
27 June 1945
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Old 08-06-2011, 10:40 PM  
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War is ugly, no doubt about it. I lost a few relatives in WWII, and their deaths were not pretty either. {back to topic!}
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Old 08-07-2011, 10:48 AM  
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Today 7th AUG in 1944, IBM introduced the first program controled calculator . . . the Harvard Mark 1

1976 Viking II enters Mars orbit
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Old 08-07-2011, 10:53 AM  
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Lol those computers were huge. and has less power then a modern calculator.
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Old 08-08-2011, 12:39 PM  
mohel
 
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Quote:
Originally Posted by ChrisNukemYJ View Post
Lol those computers were huge. and has less power then a modern calculator.
I was told the first moon lander had less power than a Commodore 64.
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Old 08-08-2011, 02:52 PM  
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Quote:
Originally Posted by blucher View Post
I was told the first moon lander had less power than a Commodore 64.
It's true.
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This definitely rates about a 9.0 on my weird-sh*t-o-meter.
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Old 08-08-2011, 07:26 PM  
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today 8 AUG in 1974 President Nixon announced his intention to resign
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Old 08-08-2011, 08:01 PM  
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Quote:
Originally Posted by HiHood View Post
today 8 AUG in 1974 President Nixon announced his intention to resign
Sad sad day.
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Old 08-09-2011, 08:16 AM  
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Today, 9th AUG in 1945 the second aromic bomb was dropped over Nagasaki, Japan.
1974, Richard M. Nixon officially resigns as the President of the United States.
1842 US/Canadian border determined
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