A water tower or elevated water tower is a large elevated drinking water storage container constructed to hold a water supply at a height sufficient to pressurize a water distribution system.
Pressurization occurs through the hydrostatic pressure of the elevation of water; for every 10.20 centimetres (4.016 in) of elevation, it produces 1 kilopascal (0.145 psi) of pressure. 30 m (98.43 ft) of elevation produces roughly 300 kPa (43.511 psi), which is enough pressure to operate and provide for most domestic water pressure and distribution system requirements.
Many water towers were constructed during the Industrial Revolution; some are now considered architectural landmarks and monuments, and may not be demolished. Some are converted to apartments or exclusive penthouses.
In certain areas, such as New York City in the United States, smaller water towers are constructed for individual buildings.
The largest man made water tower is located in McBee, South Carolina and holds 1,200,000 US gal (4,500,000 l) of water. This water tower was built and is operated by Alligator Water and Sewer.
The House in the Clouds in Thorpeness functioned as the town's water tower from 1923 until 1977.
Water towers can be surrounded by ornate coverings including fancy brickwork, a large ivy-covered trellis or they can be simply painted. Some city water towers have the name of the city painted in large letters on the roof, as a navigational aid to aviators and motorists. Sometimes the decoration can be humorous, as Granger, Iowa has two water towers, labeled HOT and COLD. The House in the Clouds in Thorpeness, located in the English county of Suffolk, was built to resemble a house in order to disguise the eyesore, whilst the lower floors were used for accommodation. When the town was connected to the mains water supply, the water tower was dismantled and converted to additional living space.
Sapp Bros. truck stops use a water tower with a handle and spout ? looking like a coffee pot ? as the company logo. Many of their facilities have decorated actual water towers (presumably non-functional) on-site.
The first and original "Mushroom" ? Svampen in Swedish ? was built in ?rebro in Sweden in the early 1950s and later copies were built around the world including Saudi-Arabia and Kuwait.
Many small towns in the United States use their water towers to advertise local tourism, their local high school sports teams, or other locally notable factoids. Since the water tower is sometimes the highest point in the town, antennae, public address systems, cameras and tornado warning sirens are sometimes placed on them as well.
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How to design a water tower to maintain water preasure for a small town?
where would you locate the water tower and what shape would you make it to insure the greatest water pressure
Best Answer - Chosen by Voters
The water pressure in the pipes is related ONLY to the height of the water tower above the pipes. The pressure goes up 1 psi for every 2.31 feet of elevation. So the tower should be on a high hill, and tall enough to create the needed pressure.
60 to 80 psi is usually good, so
60 psi * (2.31 feet/1 psi) = 138.6 feet
80 psi * (2.31 feet/1 psi) = 184.8 feet