Set adjoining the Statue of Liberty, in the historic Liberty State Park and across the river from Lower Manhattan, the Liberty Science Center is the first interactive and major science museum and learning center in Jersey City, New Jersey, housing the largest IMAX Dome theatre in the United States. The museum opened to the public in 1993 but its history dates back to the 1970s when a newspaper publication named Star-Ledger tried to convince state leaders to consider building a science and technology center that could be used as a resource for educational purposes and can be enjoyed by the state locals and other visitors. Funds for the creation of the science center were obtained in the 1980s through the efforts of the public in partnership with some private individuals.
Aside from having the largest IMAX Dome theatre in the county, the Liberty Science Center also takes care of the original Hoberman sphere, an engineering artwork designed by Chuck Hoberman to be computer-controlled. Along with these technologies, the museum also holds science exhibits and provides resources for educational purposes.
When the museum first opened, it featured an exhibition on the ground floor entitled ?Twentieth Century Dinosaurs designed by Jim Gary. Today, however, several permanent exhibits attract the visitors, ranging from technologically inspired to animal and human natural existence. The technology behind building skyscrapers is featured in the exhibit entitled ?Skyscraper! Achievement and Impact?. Here, visitors can walk along an I-Beam situated two stories above the exhibition floor, see how a glass-Schindler 400A mid-rise Traction elevator transports, experience an earthquake-shake table, and get mesmerized in the machine room and the pit. Moreover, the exhibit entitled ?Energy Quest? delves into and demonstrates different energy types and the technologies to utilize these.
Subjects about human life are explored in the exhibits called ?Communication? and ?Infection Connection?. In ?Communication? exhibit, four areas of human communication are explained ? body and language; symbols, signs and writing; print, audio and video; and signals and networks. There is also a Language Karaoke which guests can use to learn how to say phrases in languages such as Mandarin Chinese, Arabic, Spanish or Cockney. While in the ?Infection Connection? exhibit, visitors can ride the IC Express and watch a film that explains the different types of infectious diseases, as well as, understand how global health issues can be affected by human behaviors.
?Eat and Be Eaten? and ?Our Hudson Home? are exhibits that feature animal life in a predator-prey relationship and the wildlife and ecology of the Hudson River, respectively. In the ?Eat and Be Eaten? exhibit, there are live deadly vipers, startling puffer fish, among other creatures.
There are special exhibits like the ?I Explore?, which is restricted to children under age six but can be accompanied by an adult; the ?Wonder Why? which showcases the original exhibits the museum had from its conception; and the ?Wildlife Challenge? which is held seasonally and allows guests to participate in various physical activities designed to imitate different animal environments.
Lastly, the Liberty Science Center also hosts various travelling exhibits and has presented the ?Islamic Science Re-Discovered?, ?Goose Bumps! The Science of Fear?, and ?Mammoths and Mastodons: Titans of the Ice Age?.