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blucher 05-30-2011 03:01 PM

A Rennes-le-Chateau Refresher
 
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and the Oak Island Money Pit

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https://www.gailallen.com/theo/MysteriesOfRennes-le-Chateau.html
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The most bizarre chapter in the story of Rennes-le-Chateau may have to do with the Money Pit mystery on Oak Island just off Nova Scotia. According to Michael Bradley, some of the keepers of the Grail may have come to the New World long before Columbus[13]. (Key proof: acorns do not float, he notes.) He believes that some of the Templars may have fled to Canada after the dissolution of their order, carrying the Grail. (The Money Pit has more often been associated with pirates' buried treasure, but as many know, the "Jolly Roger" flag's skull-and-crossbones icon has long been associated with Masonic and Templar legend.) The so-called Venetian Zeno Map of the 15th century (the Zeno brothers are said to have brought Prince Henry St.-Clair to America a century before Colombus) shows a knight with a sword standing where Nova Scotia is[14]. (The Sinclairs of Scotland are "hereditary lords of Rosslyn Chapel," and said to be descended from the Scots Guard, a clique loyal to the Stuart dynasty, which in turn are thought to have contained 'converted' members of the Templar Order who fought with Robert the Bruce at Bannockburn, and to have provided the basis of Freemasonry[15].) In the Money Pit on Oak Island, a mysterious stone inscription was found: "FORTY FEET BELOW TWO MILLION POUNDS ARE BURIED." Every company which has tried to locate this treasure has failed. One author has even recently speculated that the site was the burial place of an Arif , or Coptic Christian holy man from the 5th century.
Along with the supposed visits of Prince Madoc of Wales and St. Brendan of Ireland, Prince Henry the Navigator's trip to the New World with the Zeno brothers makes it one of numerous European pre-Columbian voyages. The Zeno map, along with those culled by Viking travellers, may have even helped Colombus make his way across the Atlantic. (More than one writer has pointed to Colombus' possible Judaic heritage, and the ways in which "messianism" pervades his thoughts on the discovery.) Recently, a UFO "contactee" in Canada who calls himself only "Guardian" speculated wildly about some "Brotherhood of the Grail" being operative there for centuries. Geographically speaking, there are in fact two Oak Islands, surrounding a central river, at the confluence of which is a mysterious ruin, which appears to be a fortress or old castle. It does appear that there may be strands connecting Rennes-le-Chateau and the New World, awaiting clever Fortean researchers to disentangle them. Ultimately, the Rosicrucian ideas behind the American experiment (as documented by Manly Palmer Hall) may have deeper "Arcadian" roots. Bradley hints, but does not come out and say, that what is beneath the Money Pit may be the Grail.

It is not the only weird trail in the Rennes mystery. One researcher insists that the inventor Barnes Wallis was one of the most recent Grand Masters of Sion. Yet another feels it is worth pursuing the origins of the Cajun people of Louisiana. ("Cajun" is descended from "Acadian," Acadia being a land in Nova Scotia whose people were deported south by the British in 1755; it may be that "Acadian" is itself a corruption of "Arcadian.") And another current theory is that Johann Salvator, the young Hapsburg prince, finding his political ambitions rebuffed, may have sailed west and discovered the mysterious underground tunnels and lost cities of South America which so fascinated Colonel Perry Fawcett. Others have even found connections to the so-called "Baconian" theory, which suggests that Sir Francis Bacon authored Shakespeare's Plays. Bacon's works do suggest a Rosicrucian experiment taking place in the New World... Fanthorpe seems to believe that ultimately, Rennes-le-Chateau may be a "doorway unto the invisible"- a gateway to other dimensions, through the Emerald Tablet, which he speculates may have been a tesseract (3-dimensional representation of a 4-dimensional figure.) - or a place to contact Gaia itself.

These are all fascinating speculations, to say the least. The Visigothic kingdom of Rhedae was in the area, and they are known to have seized at least some portion of the treasure of the Temple (taken by the Romans during the Jewish Revolt of 70 CE) when they sacked Rome in the 5th century CE. Could that treasure have been the Ark of the Covenant, concealed at Rennes? Alternatively, the Copper Scroll of the Dead Sea sect (the Qumran Essenes) suggested some of the Temple treasure was hidden before the Roman invasion. Could the "Nestorian" Christians of the area have concealed the Ark, and given it to the Templars for safekeeping? Or could it have been hid in Solomon's Stables underneath the Mosque of Omar, where the Templars are known to have excavated? Might the Ark have been the item "smuggled" out by two Cathars under highly dangerous circumstances right before their brethren fell at Montsegur? The Ark may not have been an extraterrestrial "power source," as some authors have claimed, but if it is the possession of Sion, it is an explosive secret, to say the least. Sion has claimed that they have items "which will be returned to the government of Israel, when the time is right..." And more than one author has suggested that the Grail is, in fact, the Ark under a new guise...

blucher 05-30-2011 03:09 PM

The Discovery
 
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One summer day in 1795 Daniel McGinnis, then a teenager, was wandering about Oak Island, Nova Scotia when he came across a curious circular depression in the ground. Standing over this depression was a tree whose branches had been cut in a way which looked like it had been used as a pulley. Having heard tales of pirates in the area he decided to return home to get friends and return later to investigate the hole.
Over the next several days McGinnis, along with friends John Smith and Anthony Vaughan, worked the hole. What they found astonished them. Two feet below the surface they came across of layer of flagstones covering the pit. At 10 feet down they ran into a layer of oak logs spanning the pit. Again at 20 feet and 30 feet they found the same thing, a layer of logs. Not being able to continue alone from here, they went home, but with plans of returning to search more.
It took the three discoverers 8 years, but they did return. Along with The Onslow Company (owned by Simeon Lynds, a wealthy business man from the mainland), formed for the purpose of the search, they began digging again. They quickly got back to 30 foot point that had been reached 8 years ago.
They continued down to 90 feet, finding a layer of oak logs at every 10 foot interval. Besides the boards, at 40 feet a layer of charcoal was found, at 50 feet a layer of putty, and at 60 feet a layer of coconut fiber.
At 90 feet one of the most puzzling clues was found - a stone inscribed with mysterious writing. The translation by the Halifax professor was:"Forty Feet below two million pounds are buried". This translation makes a lot of sense. It turns out to be a simple substitution cipher where each unique symbol corresponds to a unique letter in the alphabet.
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https://mmmgroup.altervista.org/e-oak.html
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The translation for the given inscription works and seems very unlikely to be a simple coincidence. The way I see it, there are two possibilities.
First possibility: The inscription recorded by the professor was a hoax used to encourage further investment in the search. This is certainly a possibility and could only be disproved by the re-discovery of the original stone or possibly the discovery of a new one. If this inscription is a hoax, the crossed out F in forty is certainly a very nice touch.
Second possibility: The professor made an accurate recording of the original stone. If this is true, we gain several pieces of information about the builders: since feet are used in measurement we can track down who would and wouldn't use them; the translation is in English - unless builders were being very clever (they certainly had this trait), they were probably from an English speaking country; the stone was found at 90 feet which means the treasure would be at 130 feet (Note: in 1866 the Money Pit had already collapsed 15 feet, but the cement vault between 150 and 160 feet had not been drilled yet. The putty above the vault started at 130 feet.)
After pulling up the layer of oak at 90 feet and continuing on, water began to seep into the pit. By the next day the pit was filled with water up to the 33 foot level. Pumping didn't work, so the next year a new pit was dug parallel to the original down to 100 feet. From there a tunnel was run over to The Money Pit. Again the water flooded in and the search was abandoned for 45 years.

blucher 05-30-2011 03:13 PM

The Booby Trap
 
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Oak Island Money Pit


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As it turns out, an ingenious booby trap had been sprung. The Onslow Company had inadvertently unplugged a 500 foot waterway that had been dug from the pit to nearby Smith's Cove by the pit's designers. As quickly as the water could be pumped out it was refilled by the sea.
This discovery however is only a small part of the intricate plan by the unknown designers to keep people away from the cache.
In 1849 the next company to attempt to extract the treasure, The Truro Company, was founded and the search began again. They quickly dug down to 86 feet only to be flooded. Deciding to try to figure out what was buried before attempting to extract it, Truro switched to drilling core samples. The drilling produced some encouraging results.
First Hints of Treasure

At 98 feet the drill went through a spruce platform. Then it encountered 4 inches of oak and then 22 inches of what was characterized as "metal in pieces"; Next 8 inches of oak, another 22 inches of metal, 4 inches of oak and another layer of spruce. The conclusion was that they had drilled through 2 casks or chests filled will coins. Upon pulling out the drill they found splinters of oak and strands of what looked like coconut husk.
One account of the drilling also mentions that three small gold links, as from a chain, were brought up. Unfortunately no one knows where they have gone.
While searching through the bore samples, one of the workers saw the foreman, John Pitblado, carefully examine an object and then put it into his pocket. When challenged on the matter, Pitblado refused to reveal what he had found, saying that he would only show the object to all investors at the next board meeting. But he never appeared. Instead he spent several years trying to purchase the east end of Oak Island. Not surprisingly, the owners refused to sell. No one seems to have discovered exactly what Pitblado retrieved from the auger that day in 1849, but it surely must have convinced him that treasure lay deep beneath the island.
Interestingly, the earth encountered beneath the bottom spruce platform was loose indicating that the pit may have gone even deeper. A later group of searchers would find out how much deeper.
The Truro Company returned in 1850 with plans to dig another parallel hole and then tunnel over to the Money Pit. Just like before, as they tunneled over, water began to rush in. They brought in pumps to try to get rid of the water but it was impossible to keep the water out. During the pumping someone noticed that at Smith's Cove during low tide there was water coming OUT of the beach.
This find lead to an amazing discovery - the beach was artificial.
Artificial Beach

It turns out that the pit designers had created a drain system, spread over a 145 foot length of beach, which resembled the fingers of a hand. Each finger was a channel dug into the clay under the beach and lined by rocks. The channels were then filled with beach rocks, covered with several inches of eel grass, and then covered by several more inches of coconut fiber. The effect of this filtering system was that the channels remained clear of silt and sand while water was still allowed to flow along them. The fingers met at a point inland where they fed sea water into a sloping channel which eventually joined the Money Pit some 500 feet away. Later investigations showed this underground channel to have been 4 feet wide, 2 1/2 feet high, lined with stone, and meeting the Money Pit between the depths of 95 to 110 feet, filling it at a rate of 600 gallons per minute.
To the Truro Company, the answer was now simple - just block off the water flow from the beach and dig out the treasure. Their first attempt was to build a dam just off the beach at Smith's Cove, drain the water, and then dismantle the drain channels. Unfortunately a storm blew up and destroyed the dam before they could finish.
An interesting note: the remains of an older dam were found when building the new one.
The next plan was to dig a pit 100 feet or so inland in the hopes of meeting with the water channel underground at which point they could plug the channel. This scheme too failed. And this was the last attempt by the Truro company to uncover the secrets of Oak Island.
The Pit's Collapse

The next attempt at securing the treasure was made in 1861 by The Oak Island Association. First they cleared out the Money Pit down to 88 feet. A total of 63 men and 33 horses worked in shifts to operate the bailing mechanism. Then they ran a new hole to the east of the pit hoping to intercept the channel from the sea. The new shaft was dug out to 120 feet without hitting the channel and then abandoned.
A second shaft was run, this one to west, down to 118 feet. They then attempted to tunnel over to the Money Pit. Again the water started to enter this pit as well as the Money Pit. Bailing was attempted and appeared to work. And then CRASH!
The bottom fell out. Water rushed into the shafts and the bottom of the Money Pit dropped over 15 feet. Everything in the Money Pit had fallen farther down the hole. The big questions were why and how far?
Over the next several years different companies tried to crack the mystery unsuccessfully. They dug more shafts, tried to fill in the drain on the beach, built a new dam (which was destroyed by a storm), and drilled for more core samples. They met with little success.
The Cave-in Pit

In 1893 a man named Fred Blair along with a group called The Oak Island Treasure Company began their search. Their first task was to investigate the "Cave-in Pit". Discovered in 1878 about 350 feet east of the Money Pit, the cave-in pit appears to have been a shaft dug out by the designers of the Money Pit perhaps as a ventilation shaft for the digging of the flood tunnel. It apparently intersected or closely passed the flood tunnel. While it was being cleared by the Treasure Company it started to flood at a depth of 55 feet and was abandoned.
Over the next several years The Oak Island Treasure Company would dig more shafts, pump more water, and still get nowhere. In 1897 they did manage to clear out the Money Pit down to 111 feet where they actually saw the entrance of the flood tunnel temporarily stopped up with rocks. However, the water worked its way through again and filled the pit.
The Treasure Company then decided that they would attempt to seal off the flow of water from Smith's Cove by dynamiting the flood tunnel. Five charges were set off in holes drilled near the flood tunnel. They didn't work. The water flowed into the Money Pit as rapidly as ever.
At the same time a new set of core samples were drilled at the pit itself. The results were

blucher 05-30-2011 03:28 PM

The Pit's Collapse
 
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Oak Island Money Pit

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The next attempt at securing the treasure was made in 1861 by The Oak Island Association. First they cleared out the Money Pit down to 88 feet. A total of 63 men and 33 horses worked in shifts to operate the bailing mechanism. Then they ran a new hole to the east of the pit hoping to intercept the channel from the sea. The new shaft was dug out to 120 feet without hitting the channel and then abandoned.
A second shaft was run, this one to west, down to 118 feet. They then attempted to tunnel over to the Money Pit. Again the water started to enter this pit as well as the Money Pit. Bailing was attempted and appeared to work. And then CRASH!
The bottom fell out. Water rushed into the shafts and the bottom of the Money Pit dropped over 15 feet. Everything in the Money Pit had fallen farther down the hole. The big questions were why and how far?
Over the next several years different companies tried to crack the mystery unsuccessfully. They dug more shafts, tried to fill in the drain on the beach, built a new dam (which was destroyed by a storm), and drilled for more core samples. They met with little success.
The Cave-in Pit

In 1893 a man named Fred Blair along with a group called The Oak Island Treasure Company began their search. Their first task was to investigate the "Cave-in Pit". Discovered in 1878 about 350 feet east of the Money Pit, the cave-in pit appears to have been a shaft dug out by the designers of the Money Pit perhaps as a ventilation shaft for the digging of the flood tunnel. It apparently intersected or closely passed the flood tunnel. While it was being cleared by the Treasure Company it started to flood at a depth of 55 feet and was abandoned.
Over the next several years The Oak Island Treasure Company would dig more shafts, pump more water, and still get nowhere. In 1897 they did manage to clear out the Money Pit down to 111 feet where they actually saw the entrance of the flood tunnel temporarily stopped up with rocks. However, the water worked its way through again and filled the pit.
The Treasure Company then decided that they would attempt to seal off the flow of water from Smith's Cove by dynamiting the flood tunnel. Five charges were set off in holes drilled near the flood tunnel. They didn't work. The water flowed into the Money Pit as rapidly as ever.
At the same time a new set of core samples were drilled at the pit itself. The results were surprising.
Cement Vault

At 126 feet, wood was struck and then iron. This material is probably part of the material that fell during the crash of the Pit. On other drillings the wood was encountered at 122 feet and the iron was missed completely indicating that the material may be laying in a haphazard way due to the fall.
Between 130 and 151 feet and also between 160 and 171 feet a blue clay was found which consisted of clay, sand, and water. This clay can be used to form a watertight seal and is probably the same "putty", that was found at the 50 foot level of the Pit.
The major find was in the gap between the putty layers. A cement vault was discovered. The vault itself was 7 feet high with 7 inch thick walls. Inside the vault the drill first struck wood, then a void several inches high and an unknown. Next a layer of soft metal was reached, then almost 3 feet of metal pieces, and then more soft metal.
When the drill was brought back up another twist was added to the whole mystery. Attached to the auger was a small piece of sheepskin parchment with the letters "vi"; "ui"; or "wi". What the parchment is a part of is still in question.
More convinced than ever that a great treasure was beneath the island, The Treasure Company began sinking more shafts in the attempts to get to the cement vault. They all met with failure due to flooding.
2nd Flood Tunnel

In May of 1899 yet another startling discovery was made. There was a second flood tunnel! This one was located in the South Shore Cove. The designers had been more ingenious and had done more work than previously thought. Though this find certainly strengthened the case that something valuable was buried below it didn't bring anyone closer to actually finding the treasure.
Blair and The Oak Island Treasure Company continued to sink new shafts and drill more core samples, but no progress was made and no new information obtained.
Between 1900 and 1936 several attempts were made to obtain the treasure. All met with no success.

Stone Fragment

In 1936 Gilbert Hadden, in conjunction with Fred Blair, began a new investigation of the island. Hadden cleared some of the earlier shafts near the Pit and made plans for exploratory drilling the next summer. However, he made two discoveries away from the Pit.
The first was a fragment of a stone bearing inscriptions similar to those found on the inscribed stone discovered at the 90 foot level of the Money Pit. The second discovery was of several old timbers in Smith's Cove. These timbers seem to have been from the original designers due to the fact that they were joined using wooden pins rather than metal. As will be seen later these timbers were only a small part of a much larger construction.
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Oak Island, Nova Scotia

Captain Kidd's treasure, Aztec gold, the manuscripts of Francis Bacon, perhaps even the Holy Grail -- there are many theories as to just what is buried on Oak Island, off the eastern coast of Nova Scotia. For years people have been trying to get to the bottom of the mystery, or more accurately, to the bottom on the money pit.
Treasure Hunters in Nova Scotia

Many treasure hunters, including President Franklin D. Roosevelt, have tried to find treasure at Oak Island, Nova Scotia. In 1910, Roosevelt, at the age of 27, was part of an exploration group. He maintained a lifelong interest in Oak Island. FDR died 4/12/45 and I was born 4/24/45. Since the age of 17 I've maintained a similar interest

https://img819.imageshack.us/img819/3...veltoakisl.jpg

Title: Franklin D. Roosevelt et al. at Oak Island in New Brunswick, 1910.
Creator: Roosevelt, Franklin D. (Franklin Delano), 1882-1945 (Most Recent)
ARC Identifier: 196803

To find this photograph or other digital images in NARA's holdings, visit our Archival Research Catalog (ARC).

blucher 05-30-2011 03:36 PM

UFO over Oak Island, Nova Scotia
 
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https://oakislandtreasure.blogspot.com/2008/11/ufo-over-oak-island-nova-scotia.html
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FRIDAY, 21 NOVEMBER 2008
UFO over Oak Island, Nova Scotia
Check out these photos taken by Jen MacNeil from the Oak Island Resort this summer.

She noticed nothing strange at the time, but when viewing her photos an unidentified flying object became apparent, zooming over Frog Island!

So what do we see? A helicopter? A seagull? Or the mothership returning to the Money Pit docking station?

Have a look for yourselves and see what you think:

Those who enjoy conspiracy theories have surmised that the Oak Island Money Pit was created by visitors from another planet. This is yet another far reaching theory connected to what has become the world's greatest treasure hunt.

The 1967 Shag Harbour incident is Nova Scotia's most famous UFO sighting.

Image source: SOUTH SHORE
https://img641.imageshack.us/img641/1747/img2500s.jpg
https://img607.imageshack.us/img607/3895/ufot.jpg

blucher 05-30-2011 03:40 PM

Mystery Deepens
 
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Oak Island Money Pit

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The first half of the twentieth century saw many more attempts to retrieve the treasure, including an expedition by Franklin Roosevelt. Almost all of these focused on solving the problem by digging in the immediate vicinity of the Money Pit. Every group failed, probably because by this time the original location of the Money Pit had become confused and because much of the ground beneath the eastern end of Oak Island was a honeycomb of water-filled tunnels.
The next treasure hunter was Erwin Hamilton. He began his search in 1938 by clearing out previous shafts and doing some exploratory drilling. In 1939 during drilling two more discoveries were made. The first was the finding of rocks and gravel at 190 feet. According to Hamilton they were foreign and therefore placed there by someone. The second finding came after clearing out an earlier shaft down to 176 feet. At this point a layer of limestone was encountered and drilled through. The drilling brought up oak splinters. Apparently there was wood BELOW the natural limestone.
In 1955 George Greene, representing a group of oil men from Texas, arrived on the island. He planned to locate the treasure vault by drilling. He sank four holes into the area thought to be the Money Pit. He encountered limestone at 140 feet, then the drill dropped through 40 feet of empty space before striking bedrock at 180 feet. This large empty space was a new discovery. Greene pumped 100,000 gallons of water into the cavern, but the water quickly drained out and he never discovered where it went.
Tragedy Strikes

In 1959 Bob Restall and his family began their attack on the island which ultimately proved tragic.
His one discovery was made on the Smith's Cove beach while attempting to stop the drain system. He found a rock with "1704" inscribed on it. Though others believed it was prank left by a previous search team, Restall believed it was from the time of the original construction.
In 1965 tragedy struck. While excavating a shaft Bob passed out and fell into the water at the bottom. His son, Bobbie, attempted to rescue him as did two of the workers. All four apparently were overcome by some sort of gas, perhaps carbon monoxide from a generator, passed out and drowned.
Heavy Machines

Bob Dunfield was the next to take on the island. In 1965 he attempted to solve the problem with heavy machinery - bulldozers and cranes. He attempted to block the inflow of water at Smith's Cove, and may have succeeded. Then on the south side of the island a trench was dug in the hope of intercepting the other water tunnel and blocking it off. The flood tunnel wasn't found, but an unknown refilled shaft was found, possible one dug by the designers of the Pit. The shaft apparently went down to 45 and stopped, its purpose is unknown.
Dunfield's other findings were based on drilling. It was determined that at 140 feet there was a 2 foot thick layer of limestone and then a forty foot void. At the bottom of the void was bedrock. This information matched with a drilling done back in 1955. There seemed to a large, natural underground cavern, something apparently common with limestone around the world.
Recent Discoveries

Daniel Blankenship, the current searcher, began his quest in 1965. In 1966 he dug out more of the original shaft found by Bob Dunfield in 1965. It turned out that the shaft did go beyond 45 feet. Blankenship found a hand-wrought nail and a washer at 60 feet. At 90 feet he met a layer of rocks in stagnant water. He assumed this was part of the south water tunnel but couldn't explore further because the shaft could not be stopped from caving in.
A pair of wrought-iron scissors were discovered in 1967 buried below the drains at Smith's Cove. It was determined that the scissors were Spanish-American, probably made in Mexico, and they were up to 300 years old. Also found was a heart shaped stone.
Smith's Cove revealed some more secrets in 1970 to Triton Alliance, a group formed by Blankenship to continue the search. While Triton was building a new cofferdam they discovered the remains of what appeared to be the original builders' cofferdam.
The findings included several logs 2 feet thick and up to 65 feet long. They were marked every four feet with Roman numerals carved in them and some contained wooden pins or nails. The wood has been carbon dated to 250 years ago.
The western end of the island has also revealed several items. Two wooden structures, along with wrought-iron nails and metal straps were found at the western beach. Nine feet below the beach a pair of leather shoes were unearthed.
The Triton Alliance comissioned a complete geological study of the island from Golder Associates of Toronto, a leading geological engineering firm. They spent an entire summer testing soil and bringing up core samples from deep underground. Their report, rumored to have cost over $100,000, contained a detailed a analysis of the geological structure of the island, complete with cross-sectional maps the underground features. The contents of the Golder report have never been made public, but the results have encouraged the Triton group to continue their excavations.

blucher 05-30-2011 03:44 PM

Borehole 10-X
 
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Oak Island Money Pit

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The next major discoveries came in 1976 when Triton dug what is known as Borehole 10-X, a 237 foot tube of steel sunk 180 feet northeast of the Money Pit. During the digging several apparently artificial cavities were found down to 230 feet.
A camera lowered down to a bedrock cavity at 230 feet returned some amazing images. At first a severed hand could be seen floating in the water. Later three chests (of the treasure type I would presume) and various tools could be made out. Finally a human body was detected.
After seeing the images, the decision was made to send divers down for a look. Several attempts were made but strong current and poor visibility made it impossible to see anything.
Before the cavern could be completely explored by divers, Borehole 10-X collapsed inward, crushing the metal, cribbing and almost killing Blankenship, who scrambled out of the hole seconds before it imploded.
Today

Today Triton is petitioning the Canadian government for a $12 million loan to continue their excavations.They are building a large concrete-lined shaft 70 feet in diameter and 180 feet deep. Perhaps they will finally unlock the 200 year-old secret of Oak Island. Unfortunately the island is closed to the public now?.but hopefully tours will be available again soon.
Triton - 1967-1969
? Determined that bedrock layer was at 162 +/- 10 feet
? Between 172 and 224 feet found china, oak buds, cement, wood, and metal
? Found tunnels that were cut through bedrock - under 40 feet of bedrock
? Found 40 feet rock, inches of wood, layer of blue clay, inches of wood and 6-7 foot void
? Carbon date of wood - 1575 +/- 80 years
? Depression from 172 to 222 feet (beneath Hadden shaft) - 30 foot in diameter filled with layers of blue clay with small stone spaced at 18 inches!!!
? 186 feet: metal and brought up piece of brass (high impurities)
? 212 feet: brick-like material found - it had been fired
? Cement found - worked by man
? 210 feet: hard metal hit

Borehole X-10
? 140 feet: found a 4 foot cavity
? 160 feet: found a 4 foot cavity
? Bedrock at 180 feet
? 210 feet: hit a 2 foot cavity
? 230-237 feet: a cavity
? Handfuls of metal found at 165 feet - low-carbon steel - prior to 1800
? Spruce found at 155 feet
? 155 feet: eight pieces of steel chain - Swedish steel made prior to 1790
? Wood at 180 feet
? Metal in several places above and below bedrock

660 feet north-northeast of the Money Pit - 1973
? 110 feet: a 2 inch piece of wire - dated from 1500s to 1800s
? A solid metal plate
There are future plans to excavate

blucher 05-30-2011 03:57 PM

What lies at the bottom of the Money Pit?
 
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https://www.activemind.com/Mysterious/Topics/OakIsland/
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What lies at the bottom of the Money Pit?

Imagine yourself walking through the trees of a wooded island rumored to hide buried pirate treasure. Suddenly you come across a depression in the ground. It's roughly circular and there's a tree standing above it with a branch that has been cut and appears to have been used as a pulley. Your imagination is fired and hope soars. You run off to get your friends and digging equipment.

You and two friends return the next day, shovels in hand, ready to claim your prize. The digging is easy. The dirt loose. Only two feet down your shovel strikes rock. As you clear the dirt away you find a neatly arranged layer of flagstone covering a circular area 13 feet in diameter. You pry the stones out, expecting treasure but there's only more dirt.

You begin again. Digging down 8 more feet with no luck. Suddenly you hit wood. This is it. You scrap away the dirt only to find a platform of oak logs covering the pit. You pull out the logs and resume your digging.

Ten more feet and still nothing. Finally, you strike wood. This MUST be it. As you clear the area you find another level of oak logs.

Now you know there's something valuable here. Why else would anyone go to so much trouble?

Now 20 feet below the surface you heave to again. Another 10 feet. Another set of oak boards.

Disappointed, you and your friends decide that you can't go any further alone. You leave but vow to return to retrieve your treasure.

Now imagine that it's more than 200 years later. The pit has been explored to more than 150 feet. The treasure, if any, that was buried is still there, protected by an ingenious booby trap that floods the pit with sea water anytime someone gets close.

Group after group after group have tried to solve the riddle. Neither brute force nor technology have been able to overcome the problems. Six lives have been lost and millions of dollars spent trying to uncover the secrets of what has become known as the Money Pit. Still, no one knows what lies at the bottom, who built it or why. There are numerous theories but little proof.

This is the story of Oak Island, Nova Scotia, one the most frustrating and intriguing mysteries of all time.

Join us as we explore what is known and what is theorized about this enigma. Perhaps you will be able to find the one clue or come up with the right approach that will finally help crack this puzzle.

Contents

Facts

The Story of Oak Island
The Inscribed Stones - try your hand at deciphering the mysterious inscriptions.
Inscribed Stones Translation - here you'll find the key to the mysterious inscriptions and what they might mean
Vital Statistics - including listings of the results of drilling operations and all the artifacts found on the island, in the pit, and from drilling
Where in the world is Oak Island? - maps showing the location of Oak Island, Nova Scotia and brief description of the island
Theories - from Captain Kidd to the Aztecs or Mayans to Francis Bacon
Who's Who - a listing of the people who have played major roles in the discovery and exploration of The Money Pit.
Reference

Mediagraphy - lists and reviews of books, magazines, videos, etc. on Oak Island and related topics
Links - lists and reviews of on-line sources of information about Oak Island and related topics
Contacts - people and organizations involved with Oak Island and related topics
Timeline

1795 - Daniel McGinnis finds The Money Pit. McGinnis, John Smith, and Anthony Vaughan dig to 30 feet temporarily give up.
1803 - Onslow Company along with the 3 original finders begin excavation. They get down to 90 feet put are flooded out.
1804 - Onslow Company digs parallel pit to 110 feet put this too floods when they attempt to tunnel over the Money Pit.
1849 - The Truro Company begins digging. They drill through 2 casks filled with "loose metal". Also recovered 3 gold chains links.
1850 - Subterranean waterway and artifical beach where found at Smith's Cove.
1861 - The bottom literally fell out as the items that had been at 100 feet feel farther down to hole thanks to weakening of the pit by several cross tunnels.
1861 - First life claimed by Oak Island. A man was scalded to death by an exploding boiler.
1893 - Fred Blair and The Oak Island Treasure Company begin their investigations. Cave-in pit investigated.
1897 - Second life lost when Maynard Kaiser fell to his death while being pulled out of the pit.
1897 - Cement valut encountered and parchment was found during drilling.
1897 - Triangle rock formation was discovered.
1899 - The 2nd flood tunnel, The South Shore Tunnel, was discovered.
1936 - 2nd inscribed stone found and more evidence of original cofferdam found.
1965 - In one day Oak Island claimed four more lives: Bob and Bobbie Restall, Karl Grasser, and Cyril Hiltz.

blucher 05-30-2011 04:22 PM

Artifacts Found
 
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Oak Island Money Pit

Below you'll find a listing of the artifacts found, or allegedly found, on the island. Many of the artifacts have been lost and are known only through writings left by early searchers or writers.
- Copper coin, bosun's whistle, and iron ring bolt embedded in a rock at Smith's Cove - 1795-1802
- Inscribed stone
- Gold links - 1849
- Remains of the old cofferdam
- Wood and end of a keg pulled out when the Pit collapsed
- Blue clay
- Parchment
- Anchor fluke of ancient design - 1931 - since disappeared
- Dump with thousands of broken pottery flasks
- Rock with "1704" inscribed on it.
- Nail, washer
- Scissors, heart stone
- Original cofferdam - logs 2 feet thick up to 65 feet long with Roman numerals marked on them.
- Nails and metal-straps
- Leather shoes
- 3 drilled rocks and ash piles analyzed to be burned bones!!!!!


Timeline

1795 - Daniel McGinnis finds The Money Pit. McGinnis, John Smith and Anthony Vaughan dig to 30 feet temporarily give up.
1803 - Onslow Company along with the 3 original finders begin excavation. They get down to 90 feet but are flooded out.
1804 - Onslow Company digs parallel pit to 110 feet but this too floods when they attempt to tunnel over the Money Pit.
1849 - The Truro Company begins digging. They drill through 2 casks filled with "loose metal". Also recovered 3 gold chains links.
1850 - Subterranean waterway and artifical beach were found at Smith's Cove.
1861 - First life claimed by Oak Island. A man was scalded to death by an exploding boiler.
1861 - The bottom literally fell out as the items that had been at 100 feet fell farther down to hole thanks to weakening of the pit by several cross tunnels.
1893 - Fred Blair and The Oak Island Treasure Company begin their investigations. Cave-in pit investigated.
1897 - Triangle rock formation was discovered.
1897 - Cement valut encountered and parchment was found during drilling.
1897 - Second life lost when Maynard Kaiser fell to his death while being pulled out of the pit.
1899 - The 2nd flood tunnel, The South Shore Tunnel, was discovered.
1936 - 2nd inscribed stone found and more evidence of original cofferdam found.
1965 - In one day Oak Island claimed four more lives: Bob and Bobbie Restall, Karl Grasser, and Cyril Hiltz.

blucher 05-30-2011 04:40 PM

so what the heck is there?
 
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No one knows

I guess untold wealth, some think perhaps the Ark of the Covenant but whatever is there took a huge effort to hide.

https://img143.imageshack.us/img143/9...ecovenant2.jpg

Oak Island Geo coin.
https://img860.imageshack.us/img860/2...oakgeocoin.jpg

blucher 05-30-2011 06:08 PM

Oak Island treasure found on eBay
 
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John Borkowski became interested in the Oak Island mystery about two years ago and decided to look on eBay for a copy of R.V.Harris' book, The Oak Island Mystery.

You can imagine his surprise when the book arrived complete with original newspaper articles form the 1960s, photographs and correspondence from the Restalls who were excavating on the island at this time.

"I feel like I own a little piece of the story", says John from New York. "The letter is from Mildred Restall to a Mrs Geiser. It talks about the trouble the "boys" were having on the shore, and the terrible storm that came up and wiped out their work. It's really a little piece of what she was thinking at the time."

The collection of documents includes a letter from Mildred Restall, whose husband and son later died in a tragic accident on Oak Island.

Her letter paints a picture of how hard it must have been living on the island away from the mainland and open to the elements in the quest for treasure. It is also tinged with tragedy as she writes with such confidence in her husband's desire to solve the Oak Island mystery.

John contacted Oak Island Treasure via our facebook group to inform us his discovery, and with his kind permission, we've been able to share the material online for the very first time.

John has also contacted Lee Restall Lamb, daughter of Mildred Restall, and author of Oak Island Obsession, in which she shares anecdotes of her family's time on the island, photographs and a collection of amazing sketches drawn by Robert and son Bobby.

To view these documents, please view the links below:

1965 newspaper articles relating to the Restall tragedy on Oak Island.


Photographs taken in July 1960 showing life on Oak Island.


Letter from Mildred Restall to Mr & Mrs Geiser dated November 16th 1960.


Letter in reply to Mildred Restall from Mrs Geiser - part I.


Letter in reply to Mildred Restall from Mrs Geiser - part II.


Newspaper article: Look for Pirates' Treasures Left on Isle 200 Years Ago - The Times Record, Troy, New York from December (exact date is obscured).


Newspaper article: Privateer Hoard Eludes Seekers, December 1st, 1961.
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Quote:

Death trap defies treasure seekers for two centuries. (Money Pit, Oak Island, Nova Scotia)

Publication: Smithsonian
Publication Date: 01-JUN-88
Author: Preston, Douglas

"Of all the stories surrounding Oak Island, the one about the severed hand is by far the strangest. It was seen in a water-filled cavity at the bottom of a shaft known as Borehole 10X. The cavity was found during test drilling in the late 1960s; a narrow shaft was sunk to explore it further. In 1971, Dan Blankenship had enlarged Borehole 10X to the point where he could finally fit an underwater video camera down through it. He was monitoring the screen in a nearby shack while three crew members manned the equipment outside. The camera shortly came to rest in the cavern. There was a moment of silence. And then the crew heard a bloodcurdling yell from the shack.

"I called in each man," Dan recalls, "one at a time. I didn't say anything, just pointed to the screen. And each man said, Damn, that's a hand. That's a human hand.' The hand appeared to be floating in perfect equilibrium in the water."

Come on. A human hand?

Dan looks me straight in the eye. "Now I don't say I think I saw a human hand in there. I don't say that. I saw a hand. There's no question about it."

Once again, Oak Island had thrown up a maddening, intriguing clue. After a while you start asking yourself, What is real? How do you separate fact from fiction? Where's the truth?"



Joy PS I have called Anne Denny, (Aboriginal studdies), for a meeting no less than 5 times. Hard to say if I can glean any information from that, but I'll give it another shot.
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Quote:

e: Bodies on Oak Island?
by mutakwe on Sat Apr 11, 2009 2:15 pm

Hi Davo!

You are not going to believe this, but I was about to answer your question and just today made another discovery. I came across a grizzly account of 3 murders on an Island in Mahone Bay in *1765, not just any murder. It does not say which island but it is surely Payzant I. Nonetheless we can at least extrapolate that this sort of thing did happen in the area. Additionally, the bones of the victims were burned. Perhaps Ghost of Oak Island, Tank, or Rick my be able to shed more light as you are residents of the area. Additionally, the very first line blew me away....let me give you a peeK?.....

"In the Spring of 1765, ***soldiers from the fort at Lunenburg helped Mr. Payzant break up the soil..." ......Soldiers helped to break up the soil????? What the hell else did the soldiers do, I wonder??? Is this an explanation for the large military force needed which so many believe...???It seems they really went through a lot of trouble to help out a fellow Huguenot Protestant.

In the meantime, I think Jo or Tank may post a picture of what I believe was the boiler that exploded, (perhaps there are some who didn't see it).

But let me go out on my shaky limb again and state what direction my thinking is going....subject to change, of course. Oak Island may have had it's early start as a mine. I believe I have worked hard and have established sufficient evidence that precious metals were and I reckon still are on the island, (core samples, testimony of Dan Henskee, and two accounts found by N4n in the files of NSR). Then at some point later, I believe the abandoned works became occupied by privateers or smugglers, and from the evidence I gathered today, perhaps the soldiers of Lunenburg were party to this. A communal smuggling ring, so to speak. Likely, they were dealing in contraband trade probably with Louisbourg, perhaps booze. (And let us not forget the expulsion of the Acadians in 1755. I have just read that smugglers such as Joshua Mauger were scavaging the leftovers and selling them.) The coconut was likely dunnage to protect the stock which was fragile. Indeed I have uncovered a newspaper article from the NY times in which wittnesses have claimed to have seen booze in the money pit. One old timer even stated...." I should know, because I drank it"! I have also found information that it was a practice to light a fire in the night to signal the other fellow privateers to slip in under the cover of night. This might certainly explain the glowing lights reported, if that was so.


Joy **Subsequent research shows this date to be a likely printing error. The incident I believe occured in 1756, not 1765, and I have found a connection to Oak Island.

Location: Cape Breton, N.S.
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blucher 05-30-2011 06:24 PM

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Oak Island Money Pit


Quote:

This is the photo Mutakwe speaks of and wanted Jo or I to post. It has some really interesting features, for example, see the big bags stacked up in the foreground? Those are bags of coal to fire the boiler to make steam, thus creating a wheel to turn and then make lifting power (winch) or a pump, etc.. The great big cylindrical object right behind the guy posing on the equipment is the boiler. Based on the position of the machine, and the topography, my best educated guess is that this is the Money Pit area. It is also widely believed this is THE boiler that exploded, and killed the unknown man.
https://www.oakislandtreasure.co.uk/forum/

Photos and video
Welcome to our wide collection of photos from past digs to present excavations on Oak Island. Here you can find photos from Explore Oak Island Days, pictures of artefacts found around the island, inscribed stones, aerial photographs and all the key points of interest on the island.

In addition, here follow a selection of videos available on Oak Island. They include clips from documentaries, film shot on tours of the island plus footage taken at a number of Oak Island events.

If you have photos of Oak Island that you would like to share with enthusiasts then Oak Island Treasure would love to hear from you! Please email us in the first instance.

Likewise, if you are interested in using any of these photos, please email to obtain permission.

Oak Island videos ( 9 items )
Inscribed stones of Oak Island ( 3 items )
Artifacts found on Oak Island ( 5 items )
The Restalls ( 2 items )
Oak Island and the paranormal ( 2 items )
Past excavations ( 2 items )
Around Oak Island ( 6 items )
Aerial photos of Oak Island ( 3 items )
Other Mahone Bay islands ( 2 items )
Oak Island Treasure UK meetings ( 2 items )
Explore Oak Island Days ( 6 items )

https://www.oakislandtreasure.co.uk/c...ection/19/203/

RiponredTJ 05-30-2011 06:33 PM

Haha wouldn't that be ironic?

:)

blucher 05-30-2011 06:52 PM

Quote:

Treasure Trove Licence granted!

The wait is finally over for Dan Blankenship and other members of Oak Island Tours Inc, the team currently continuing the 200 year long treasure hunt on Nova Scotia?s Oak Island.

After a two year halt in what has become the world?s greatest treasure hunt, the team have finally been granted a Treasure Trove Licence (albeit temporary) allowing them to continue their search for treasure on Oak Island.

The treasure hunters were informed yesterday that they will be granted the necessary paperwork which will allow them to continue their search. However this licence will only allow them to resume their exploration until 31st December 2010. After this date, the Nova Scotian Department of Natural Resources/Tourism, Culture and Heritage will impose the new Oak Island Act, details of which have yet to be announced.

To keep up to date with the latest news, opinion and comment on the Oak Island treasure hunt, why not join our mailing list: Oak Island Treasure | Google Groups

You can also become a fan of Oak Island Treasure on Facebook which will give you access to photos, discussion and up to the minute news alerts, not to mention contribute to the growing community of Oak Island fans spanning the globe: Welcome to Facebook - Log In, Sign Up or Learn More
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By Dennis Brooks

I would like to introduce a new theory regarding the treasure of Oak Island, but I need help in sorting out some of the details. There seems to be enough clues available to solve the mystery, but I believe it will take a collective effort. With help from researchers and visitors to the Oak Island community, I think we can solve the problem. If you are an investigator, engineer, or archeologist, please provide facts and constructive criticism as we work to solve the mystery.

We, as investigators, can analyze each fact and interpret it in our own way. Then we can discuss it as a group to see how it contributes to solving the mystery. It is okay to disagree with each other during the investigation. While analyzing the facts, we can try to determine how the pieces of the puzzle fit together. The main goal is to have everyone come together regarding the big picture.

Let?s start with one of the most important facts we know. This will help us get an understanding of what Oak Island looked like in the past. Then we can work forward from there.

Fact: About 10,000 years ago, Oak Island was not an island at all; it was more like a peninsula. This is a fact because the water level around Oak Island was about 45 feet lower than it is today.

We know this fact because of a place call Doggerland. This area, in Northern Europe, is about the size of California. It is a low-lying area that was probably devastated by a tsunami before the sea level rose and covered the area. Now researchers have drawn maps of that lost land. They have sketched out a 10,000-year-old landscape filled with marshes, rivers, lakes, tools, bones, and other artifacts found on the sea floor. The land disappeared under the waves 10,000 years ago.

According to researchers, sea level has risen about 45 feet during the past 10,000 years to cover Doggerland. A 45-foot drop in sea level around Oak Island will give a better picture of the area. Most importantly, the man-made artificial beach on Oak Island will be at sea level again. This will help us understand the purpose it served.

We know this much about the beach because engineers have surveyed the Oak Island area. They found that the people who built the booby traps would have had to build a cofferdam big enough to hold back 45 feet of water in order to build the booby trap system that protects the treasure. With the sea level at 45 feet lower than it is now, it would have been much easier to build the cofferdam before constructing the bobby trap system. They would have been working from mostly dry land.

Given the facts we have available, let?s discuss some of the issues regarding Oak Island when the sea was at a lower level.

1. What would the Oak Island area have looked like 10,000 years ago?

2. Would the booby traps have work as well then as they work now?

3. Could coconut fibers and timbers last 10,000 years without deteriorating and turning to dust?

4. It seems that the artificial beach was made to hide the water delivery system for the traps, but why did they need such a system?

5. Could engineers have built the cofferdam and booby trap system 10,000 years ago?

6. Do the artifacts found there represent the real age of the treasure?

7. Could the Oak Island treasure pit be over 10,000 years old?

Let us hear from you. Do you have other facts we can explore? What do you think about the issues under discussion?

I am retired, but during my working years I was asked to come up with some very crazy ideas to get the work done. So set my mind to the money pit and how I would go about getting to the bottom.

From the latest show on the History Channel that there are three flood tunnels and maybe more. The first thing that I would do is throw dye in the water see where it shows up on the beach. Then I would rent a ground sonar truck, like the ones oil companies use, to map the beaches where the tunnels are.

Once the tunnels were located, then I would bring a well drilling rig and sink a wells to hit the tunnels. Pump in cement and plug the tunnels. once the water was stopped then pump down the pit slowly to lessen the chance of a cave in.

A simple idea that I heard was done with the first tunnel with TNT. I have wondered why it was not used on the other ones.

When my nephew was working in the oil fields overseas. They would come in with maps that was made by ground sonar and they would show any tunnel or cave so that they could avoid drilling into them. Bad for the drill heads. Using ground sonar the whole island could be maps and show where the tunnel are and at what depth. It would take a few days at most and could be without digging. Just a truck driving around press a sensor onto the ground and thumping and record the echo. Once you know where the tunnels are, drilling a 6" water well hole and pumping in cenment to plug the tunnels Also it would show any chambers or any more flood tunnels that had not been tripped.

How did the builders of the money pit stop the water during construction? They build a tunnel underwater going into the island. How did they comtrol the water. If you map the tunnels with sonar you might find a gate or valve on each tunnel. That might tell us more about the builders.
OAK ISLAND EXCLUSIVE Behind the scenes with CBC's Land & Sea
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blucher 05-30-2011 07:05 PM

exclusive interview with the show's producer, Jessica Brown.
 
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When did you first hear about the Oak Island mystery?

I first heard of Oak Island when I moved to Nova Scotia in 1997. Of course any mystery surrounding pirate treasure is fascinating, but what intrigued me the most was the fact that the search has been going on for such a long time, arguably with very little evidence to keep the search alive. But in producing and directing this documentary I was very fortunate to meet a number of people who are so passionate about the story, that I believe the real treasure lies in them.

Why did you decide to make a documentary about the Oak Island treasure hunt?

CBC (Canadian Broadcasting Corporation), another one of our national treasures, was looking for an update on the Oak Island story. John Wesley Chisholm, the president of Arcadia Entertainment Inc. had been following the story for a long while, and thought it would be a great opportunity to let everyone know that the search is still on, and include the possibility of new engineering techniques from the McGill Engineering students in Montreal, Quebec. I was lucky enough to be given the opportunity to take the idea into fruition.

We understand that in the documentary, you have been the first person to interview Dan Blankenship on camera in over 30 years. What can we look forward to hearing?

D'Arcy O'Connor really needs to be thanked for this, because it was through D'Arcy that I was able to get in touch with Dan Blankenship, and luckily Dan was kind enough to give us the better part of a day with him to tour around the island and chat! I feel very fortunate that Dan agreed to speak with us about his time on Oak Island, and his personal beliefs of the true history of Oak Island. I think what viewers can look forward to really is meeting Dan. He has kept Oak Island very close to his heart, and his passion for it really comes across in his interview.



Did your opinions of the Oak Island treasure hunt change as a result of speaking to Dan?

My opinion of the Oak Island treasure hunt did change in meeting Dan, and everyone else who is passionate about the story. From the historians to the engineers. At first I really questioned why people would spend so much time and money, not to mention the loss of lives, in order to get to the bottom of the mystery, but in meeting those involved, I feel that I have a new understanding to the why it remains such a huge topic of interest.

After producing the documentary, seeing Oak Island and speaking with Dan, do you think there is anything buried on Oak Island? If so what?

I am not sure if there is treasure to be found, and of course I am by no means an expert, but certainly the people who we met along the way and their desire to find out the truth is something that I think should be respected, and hopefully sometime soon they will be able to tell us what is really going on there!


What were your expectations before visiting Oak Island?

Truthfully I am not really sure what my expectations were before visiting Oak Island. I had heard that there were a lot of drilling sites and holes dug to try to get to the bottom of it, so I really wasn't sure what I would see. Dan Blankenship gave us a really great tour of all of that.

Did you face any challenges producing the show? If so, what were these?

The only challenge that we faced in making the show was really to get on the island and get a first hand account from Dan. Everyone loves a mystery, and I think everyone loves to talk about it. So it wasn't hard to get people interested in meeting with us and I would like to thank everyone of them for doing so.




Do you get a sense there is a growing appetite for documentaries on unsolved mysteries? If so, why do you think this may be?

I definitely think there is a growing appetite for documentaries on unsolved mysteries. I think we all have a tendency to want to get to the bottom of things that we might not understand right away. Luckily television is a great way to document this, although sometimes, such as with this show, at this time the mystery is left to the viewers to come up with their own conclusions.

What other shows have you worked on?

I have been very fortunate in having had the opportunity to work on a number of different shows- from shipwreck treasure shows, to occult mysteries, to futuristic theories, to a documentary on another not so accessible island, Sable Island in Nova Scotia, where wild horses roam! If anyone is interested they can check out Arcadia Entertainment Inc.'s website for a list of documentaries we have produced - Documentary producers Canada| Documentary production company, Wildlife,Ocean.

Broadcast date: February 28th, 2010 at Noon EST on CBC
CBC | Land and Sea

***********

Quote:

This theory was sent to us by Ross.

I believe the treasure relates to the British sacking of Havana in 1762. Essentially, the new King George III plundered the gateway to the Spanish world. He arranged to have 3 brothers put in command - the Keppel brothers. I believe the ship that contained the treasure buried on Oak Island was the one under the command of the Keppel brother, George I believe, who had commanded the land forces.

His whereabouts are pretty much unaccounted for in 1763. Upon leaving Havana with his gunship, he initially went to Jamaica. He supposedly stayed there for a year even though he was very anxious to get home. Then he continued home. (I think he detoured to Halifax and Oak Island; ship logs at Halifax or more likely in London are the key; I can look up in my notes the name of the ship. I believe General Amherst, who assisted the Keppels with troops, would have had to be in on it. Along with the King's confidante who arranged the Keppels to be appointed.

The key to proof of this theory -- apart from the ship logs in London -- is discovery of the ciphers that British naval intelligence used circa 1760. I believe the inscription is what David Kahn describes as a geometric cipher. The endpoints of the lines, the dots, the points of the triangles etc. determine the place on the 24 (at the time) letter alphabet.

The key to the cipher is simply a string, which is easy for a seafaring man to carry. 18th and 19th century books (such as Mercury..)have a more detailed explanation than David Kahn's book. If any one is near Washington, D.C., I recommend they go to the historical museum at Fort Meade and ask there for examples of the ciphers that British naval intelligence used during the revolutionary war (and more to the point, in 1760).

There were good reasons for King George III not to have the treasure brought back because he had not yet consolidated his power.

I realize that serious and careful research has gone to support the theory that it is all a hoax. And I agree that many assertions are not well founded - just unsupported assertions based on earlier magazine articles that contained unsupported assertions.

Given the motivation of the folks over the years to raise money for digging, special care by any historian needs to be taken. But I believe the cipher affords an opportunity to nail the nature of the treasure. And the ship logs would provide objective proof.

In addition, on the cipher, you might start with Professor Weber's book "Masked Dispatches" which I haven't seen but promises to be useful.

blucher 05-30-2011 07:11 PM

Theory
 
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An idea taken from the Channel Tunnel between France and the UK
Richard A. Walker

The first time I read about Oak Island was 1937 and it has fascinated me ever since. I currently have 6 different Garrett metal detectors that I play with in retirement.

Let me preface what I am going to discuss with the comment; "you don't have to be smart to think outside the box"

I believe that since the original efforts to dig out the buried items at Oak Island, the searchers have played into the engineers' hands that originally buried what ever is there.

Instead of digging holes and trying to pump the water out, which up to this time has been impossible, we take a different tack.

1. Completely fill and SEAL all past efforts of digging. A great deal of weight must be placed upon all closures to prevent a "blow-out" for the following reasons.

2. We will reverse on Mother Nature and not fight her; lets make her fight us.

3. After all areas have been filled and sealed we are ready for the "new" assault on the Oak Island Treasure. If we can tunnel under mountains, under oceans, under rivers and under lakes, why not do the same on Oak Island??

4. Lets take the methods used to tunnel under the English Channel and several other bodies of water and do the same?? with a few modifications. The shaft will not be as vertical as we would like but it will suffice. It will be close enough to vertical to hit the treasure vault at X feet.

The key to this operation of course is the shaft being heavily weighted in place, and having air pressure to hold the water back; and the air lock area at the top of the shaft to take out the material that is dug out and bring concrete and rebar in to build a vertical tunnel. As the tunnel goes deeper the air pressure to hold the water back will increase. With personnel out of the tunnel after it reaches a certain depth air pressure can be increased in the vertical tunnel to blow air bubbles into the ocean to find and permanently seal the water channels flooding the pit. At that point it shouldn't be that difficult to locate and carefully unload the treasure vault.
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Erin Bennett Banks is the artist behind this wonderful painting inspired by the Oak Island mystery. It was published in the children's magazine The Weekely Reader back in 2001. If you would like to find out more about Erin and her artwork, please visit her website: Welcome to the Official Website of Erin Bennett Banks

blucher 05-30-2011 07:27 PM

Seeing his Oak Island dream slide away
 
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Seeing his Oak Island dream slide away

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Seeing his Oak Island dream slide away
N.S. hasn't OK'd licence to dig for storied treasure
By BEVERLEY WARE South Shore Bureau
Fri. Dec 11 - 4:46 AM

OAK ISLAND

Dan Blankenship is 86 and getting pretty fed up the province hasn't approved the licence that would allow him and his partners to start digging for treasure on Oak Island.

It w?ll be two years next June since Mr. Blankenship and his four business partners applied for a treasure trove licence. Between them, they own 78 per cent of the island, including the money pit where many believe there could be treasure.

Mr. Blankenship has a letter from 1894 in which the province first granted permission for someone to look for treasure on Oak Island. The Treasure Trove Act was introduced in 1954 specifically to deal with Oak Island, but that act is now under review.

In the meantime, Mr. Blankenship can only sit and wait.

"Without the treasure trove licence, our hands are tied, that's for sure."

He has spent the last 40 years pursuing the secrets of Oak Island, but in the last six months has started giving up on his goal. He won't say why.

"That's personal," he said, but he's clearly deflated.

The mystery of Oak Island lured him here from the United States more than 30 years ago. He has worked with various partners over the years who did have treasure trove licences, but the provincial Natural Resources Department has not approved his current application.

In the meantime, not only is he getting older, Mr. Blankenship is concerned that people don't get to experience the mystery of Oak Island.

"Oak Island is known better outside of Nova Scotia than it is in Nova Scotia," he said.

Smithsonian magazine interviewed him for an article about Oak Island in 1988. The associate editor wrote to him in 1994 to say that article was being run again in a special edition because the magazine got more mail on the Oak Island story "than for any other story published before or since."

Mr. Blankenship ran private tours on the island for 21 years. He said he didn't get a lot of government support to do it and estimates he and his former business partner lost $35,000 to $40,000 on the venture.

"It was a very austere operation," but he enjoyed sharing the story of Oak Island.

He stopped doing those tours in 1995.

"We weren't getting co-operation from the province, so I said to hell with it. I met with every minister of tourism back into the '70s. I contacted every damn one of them to give them an opportunity to express what they'll do the next year on the island."

Although he was frustrated by the lack of interest from the province in the cultural treasure that lies on the South Shore, he said people still loved the mystique surrounding Oak Island.

"People came from every country in the world," he said.

He has stacks of guest books on one of the long tables in the basement office of his Oak Island home to prove it. Pierre Trudeau even showed up with his three sons one summer day in 1979.

"He talked with me for a good half-hour, 45 minutes, and asked a lot of good, sensible questions," Mr. Blankenship recalls.

When he and his former partner put their shares in the island up for sale about four years ago, Judy Streatch, the former MLA for the area, came out to meet with them. Mr. Blankenship told her the asking price was $8 million. Word came back to him that the province was entertaining an offer of $4.5 million, but nothing ever came of it.

Then four investors from Michigan stepped in and are now equal partners with Mr. Blankenship.

He may be disheartened about where things now stand on Oak Island. But as Mr. Blankenship talks about the island, the glint inevitably returns to his eye when he thinks about what could be here.

"I may be crazy, but I'm not wrong," he grins.

RiponredTJ 05-30-2011 08:01 PM

You have an eclectic mind https://i416.photobucket.com/albums/p...y-happy088.gif

blucher 05-30-2011 08:28 PM

Large Aerial shot of Oak Island
 
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2945 ? 1975 - 4050k - jpg
https://www.nsexplore.ca/lunenburg/oa.../oakisland.jpg


Oak Island treasure

"You have an eclectic mind"

Just insatiable curiosity

RiponredTJ 05-30-2011 09:14 PM

Where's that bloody Viking treasure hoard?

blucher 05-30-2011 10:04 PM

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Quote:

Originally Posted by RiponredTJ (Post 108063)
Where's that bloody Viking treasure hoard?

That's actually possible. That & Capt. Kidd's gold, Visigoths, Spanish and English pirates too. I can't believe we can't find out for sure by now. Whoever hid it had engineering skills well over 200 years old so we should be able to circumvent the traps and flooding.

Pages from Readers Digest

blucher 05-31-2011 01:38 PM

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A pair of wrought-iron scissors were discovered in 1967 buried below the drains at Smith's Cove. It was determined that the scissors were Spanish-American, probably made in Mexico, and they were up to 300 years old. Also found was a heart shaped stone.

Smith's Cove revealed some more secrets in 1970 to Triton Alliance, a group formed by Blankenship to continue the search. While Triton was building a new cofferdam they discovered the remains of what appeared to be the original builders' cofferdam. The findings included several logs 2 feet thick and up to 65 feet long. They were marked every four feet with Roman numerals carved in them and some contained wooden pins or nails. The wood has been carbon dated to 250 years ago.

The western end of the island has also revealed several items. Two wooden structures, along with wrought-iron nails and metal straps were found at the western beach. Nine feet below the beach a pair of leather shoes were unearthed.

The next major discoveries came in 1976 when Triton dug what is known as Borehole 10-X, a 237 foot tube of steel sunk 180 feet northeast of the Money Pit. During the digging several apparently artificial cavities were found down to 230 feet.

A camera lowered down to a bedrock cavity at 230 feet returned some amazing images. At first a severed hand could be seen floating in the water. Later three chests (of the treasure type I would presume) and various tools could be made out. Finally a human body was detected.

After seeing the images, the decision was made to send divers down for a look. Several attempts were made but strong current and poor visibility made it impossible to see anything. Soon after, the hole itself collapsed and has not been reopened.

Blankenship and Triton still continue the quest.
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blucher 05-31-2011 01:54 PM

The Treasure Pit of OAK ISLAND
 
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Oak island..........
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bruce ricketts

https://www.mysteriesofcanada.com/nov.../oakisland.htm
if i told you that there was a buried treasure on an island just off the coast of nova scotia, you might believe me. After all this area of north america was a favourite stomping ground for pirates in the 18th century.
If i told you that the treasure was buried in a deep pit, you might respond, "of course, that was it to make sure no one but the pirates found it".

But what if i told you that the treasure pit was, to date, almost 200 feet deep, protected by an elaborate set of booby traps (underground channels to an ocean beach over 500 feet away), has been the subject of countless excavations since 1795, costing millions of dollars, and the death place of six treasure hunters, and they still haven?t found the treasure? if you answer: "that?s the treasure pit at oak island", you are correct!

The story of the oak island treasure pit is fascinating and complex. It is a story of mystery, greed, controversy and very little humour. The oak island treasure has been sought by many individuals and corporations for over 200 years. It has attracted all strata of explorer from: The three teenagers who first discovered the site; to franklin d. Roosevelt, a former us president, whose company old gold salvage group searched in 1909; to the swash-buckling actor errol flynn who wanted to search oak island in 1940, but was discouraged when he found the search rights belonged to a company owned by fellow actor john wayne.

The story of the oak island treasure pit has been written about in numerous books. To date the treasure has not been uncovered, but tantalizing glimpses of what are purported to be part of the treasure have been reported. The following are a sample of some of the theories on who buried the treasure on oak island:

The most popular theory is that of the early 18th century pirate captain kidd, who frequently visited the region of oak island for rest and relaxation and to repair his ships. He seemed to have a habit of burying part of the treasure he plundered far and wide.
The most bizarre theory is that the treasure is the original works of william shakespeare/ sir francis bacon buried on the site in the late 16th century. This theory is based on the evidence of a piece of parchment paper brought up from the pit by one of the treasure hunters.
Equally strange is the theory of the crown jewels of france which went missing in 1791 and were said to have been smuggled to louisburg (north of oak island in cape breton). Since louisburg was frequently attacked by the british when the french owned it, the jewels were considered unsafe and were transported to oak island.
The theories go on but no one knows for sure the origin of the treasure pit.

Excavation of the pit has never been successful because of the booby traps which were set to protect it. In the mid-1860s, while excavating at the 90 feet level, the treasure hunters encountered soggy ground. This was not too surprising because the pit was only 500 feet from the coast line and high tide of the ocean was about at the 32 foot level. At 93 feet the wetness was more pronounced. At 98 feet they struck an extra hard surface. They took the rest of day off and the next morning found that the shaft of the pit was filled with sea water to the 32 foot level. We now know that the miners had inadvertently opened a series of channels to the beach which had been installed as a booby trap to protect the treasure.

Many attempts have been made over the years to discover how the booby trap works. Coffer dams have been built on the nearby beach, thought to be the source of the water flow? but to no avail.

In the over 200 years that adventurers have searched for the treasure pit of oak island, they have encountered oak log platforms every ten feet or so to the thirty foot level. From there, a drill probe used in 1849, encountered multiple layers of charcoal, putty and coconut fibre. At the 98 feet level, a spruce platform guarding two oak chests containing loose metal pieces (pieces of eight?) was discovered.

But the discoveries do not stop there. Continued drilling, in 1897, found that there were, below the 98 foot oak chests, layers of wood and iron, a 30 foot layer of blue clay (a hand-worked watertight mixture of clay, sand and water) , a seven foot deep cement vault at 153 feet and an iron barrier at 171 feet.

Early on in the hunt for the treasure, an inscribed stone (which has been lost over time) was found face-down in the pit. There have been various interpretations made of the inscription.

blucher 05-31-2011 02:54 PM

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Dan Blankenship?s 40-year search for the secret treasure of the Money Pit
Posted: 10/10/2010 by uwTreasures in all marine news
0
By Joe O?Connor (link)

Golf ? It is a waste of time. And vacations, well, there is no time for those either, no reason to be lying about in the Florida sun sipping umbrella drinks when there is work to be done.

And there is always more work, and never enough time, not for Dan Blankenship. Not for the past 40 odd years. Not for a hopelessly driven dreamer with gold in his eyes.

He is 87. Don?t ask about retirement. There is no quitting, no turning back, especially with the clock winding forward, ticking down to a Dec. 31 deadline that changes everything.

?It is way too late [to turn back],? says Mr. Blankenship. ?It?s been too late for a good many years. I had a good contracting business in Florida. I had friends, a good reputation, and I shucked it all to come up here and make a gamble.?

Here, is Oak Island, just off the coast of Nova Scotia, near the well-heeled town of Chester. It is a 56-hectare postage stamp shrouded by trees and central to a mystery that has been tormenting treasure hunters, like Dan Blankenship, for more than 200 years.

Nova Scotia farmers, Texas oilmen, Boston financiers, New York dandies, celebrity daredevils, Hollywood legends (John Wayne), even an American President (Franklin D. Roosevelt), have been bewitched by tales of the Money Pit.

It is a Canadian cliffhanger dating back to 1795. A teenager happened upon a clearing, saw an oak tree with a missing branch and beneath it, an unusual depression in the earth. So he began to dig, an excavation that revealed an underground shaft ? a Money Pit.

In the years since, fortunes have been swallowed, hopes dashed, partnerships fractured, friendships ended and six lives lost in a hunt for what, nobody knows.

Some say it is pirate booty, perhaps even the riches of Captain Kidd himself. Others imagine Aztec gold, the lost treasures of the Templar Knights, a tomb for Norse kings or even Shakespeare?s original manuscripts.

It could be anything, or nothing at all. All that is required are the dreamers to keep on dreaming about what it might be.

?I read about Oak Island in the January, 1965, issue of Reader?s Digest,? Mr. Blankenship says. ?I handed the article to my wife and said, read this. She read it and shrugged, said, ?So what ??

blucher 05-31-2011 04:06 PM

Quote:

Welcome to Oak Island Theories - May you find what others have
Introduction
Sunday, 19 July 2009 13:09 | Author: Administrator |
This site is dedicated to providing the real and documented truth to Oak Island's history.

Many books have been written about Oak Island for the purpose of narrating a treasure hunt. A few of the better books have attempted to cast light on the island's history before treasure hunting, and even fewer on the folks of the community who are connected with the island. Since the publication of those books, technology has provided access to information like never before; thus, early Oak Island information is more readily available for study.

These pages are a history of Oak Island like you've never read before. Here you will read and learn about Oak Island and those associated with it, through the largest and most comprehensive online collection of primary source Oak Island documents such as grants, deeds, maps, letters, diaries, etc. Many of these documents can be purchased in our store.

Through many of these documents the picture of Oak Island's early history is now more clear. The tale of three young lads, one Donald McGinnis, John Smith, and Anthony Vaughn Jr. rowing out to a previously uninhabited Oak Island in 1795, is the furthest from the truth that one can get. There is much more to the island's history than this quaint little tale.

One must wonder why the story developed the way it did.

Oak Island enthusiasts, those interested in Nova Scotia's history, or even archaeology, will find this site as a valuable resource. Please visit the FAQ menu selection where answers to your Frequently Asked Questions are provided. Enjoy!
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General History of Mahone Bay to 1753
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The 1494 Spanish and Portuguese Treaty of Tordesillas 1 divided the world from pole to pole between Spain and Portugal for all lands not belonging to a Christian Prince. Lands to the west of this line were granted to Spain and all lands to the east were granted to Portugal. This demarcation line was 370 leagues west of Cape Verde Islands. Due to errors in cartographic and navigational knowledge for this period, the line intersected the coast of North America at some point in Nova Scotia. While history says Spain and Portugal planned a joint venture to actually measure the distance and to mark the shores of North and South America, there are no texts which indicate this trip ever happened. Cartographers of Spain and Portugal were required to place this treaty line on their maps. Depending on the country of origins, this line varies from west to east with Portuguese cartographers moving the line west and Spanish moving the line east. Few maps exist today which clearly identifies the treaty line. The first map thought to show the treaty line is known by Cantino in 1502 2. One map by Spanish cartographer Diego Ribero in 1529 gives Spain more land 3, while the 1554 map by Lopo Homen has the line giving Portugal more of Nova Scotia 4.



This treaty was beneficial to both Spain and Portugal, but more so for Spain, as it gave its fleets access to Portuguese ports such as the Azores. Any type of settlement by either country in Nova Scotia would have caused concern due possible infringement into the other country?s lands. Spain showed very little interest in Atlantic Canada and beyond the 1529 trip of exploration by Esteban Gomez 5 , there is no evidence the Spanish Crown ever returned.

Interest in Atlantic Canada was the opposite for Portugal, especially for those folks of the Azores Islands. The settlement attempts by the families of Fagundes 6 and Barcelos are recorded, but were not well known. The Barcelos attempt was not even brought into light until the 1950s by the Azores Chief Archivist, Dr. da Lima Ref:

Boletim do Instituto Historico Vol. XVIII (1963). Originally discovered by Dr. de Lima, Chief Archivist. Translated by L.A. Vigneras, published as ?The Voyages of Diogo and Manoel de Barcelos to Canada in the Sixteenth Century?. Terrae Incognitae Vol. 5 7.

Due to the concerns of infringement, this author thinks both settlements were kept quiet outside of the Azores.

By 1508, the Azorean family of Pinheiro de Barcelos was granted/claimed part of the Nova Scotia. We can tell through period maps 8 (HM44 f.3v, f.4, f4v) and court documents illuminated at Ref 7, of two big double bays given the designate ?Gulfo? and drawn at 44.5 degrees North latitude. This latitude precisely intersects Mahone Bay; with the Mahone/St. Margaret?s Bay combination being the only two bays of close proximity to be representative of this cartography.

From a 1568 petition?

?Manoel de Barcelos Machado, who resides in this city of Angra in Terceira Island, says that he bought a new ship, whose master is Joao Cordeiro, to go and settle the Island Barcellona de Sam Bardao, in which discovery his late father and he spent more than 5000 cruzados, and in which they have (or he has) been breeding herds of cows, sheep, goats and swine??


The island in question is the red colored island in the image to the left, this is the island identified by Dr. da Lima as being associated with the court documents. This is the Island of Barcellona of St. Bernard. The map clearly shows the Island being in the Gulf of Sam Barnaldo.


https://img694.imageshack.us/img694/2...entation65.jpg

Ref 7 documents dating to 1568 still shows the family is associated to the area. They were raising livestock for trade with whalers off Labrador and they were mining lime for use as lime mortar back in the Azores. Most likely this family remained associated to the area until 1588, when records show the Portuguese withdrew from Atlantic Canada as they could no longer protect their activities. In 1580, the King of Spain claimed the crown of Portugal, with the defeat of his armada in 1588, the crown could no longer offer protection in Atlantic Canada and thus wisely chose to focus its remaining warships to protect more lucrative trading routes.
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blucher 05-31-2011 04:16 PM

Mathieu Da Costa and Early Canada:
 
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blucher 05-31-2011 04:54 PM

The Inscribed Stone
 
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[QUOTE]The Inscribed Stone
Sunday, 19 July 2009 14:38 | Author: Administrator |
The time line for the money pit?s inscribed stone has never been completely identified in any single book. You might be surprised to learn of some details, especially of quickly unfolding series of suspicious events which happened during the 1860s.

The implied historic time line which takes us to 1864 is the following:

A stone is found at the 80 ft level. Specific year and by whom is unknown; however is thought to be in 1805 by the Onslow Company. (Ref Halifax Sun and Advisor dated 2 July 1862)

John Smith comes to possess the stone, specific year is unknown. (Ref: PANS microfiche 10599)

John Smith places the stone in an outside course in the back part of his fireplace during the building his new home in 1810. (Ref PANS microfiche 10599)

John Smith supposedly tells George Cooke of the stone and where it is located during 1849. (Ref: PANS microfiche 10599)

John Smith dies in Aug 1857. (PANS MG 100 Volume 230 #32-32E microfiche 9809 - Descendants of the Smith and Floyd Families)

After John?s passing, the property and house falls into the possession of Anthony Graves, but is used as a treasure hunting headquarters by the Truro Group, then by the Oak Island Association. Neither Anthony Graves nor anyone except for George Cooke, knows of the stone?s location. (ref PANS microfiche 10599)



THE RECORD of EVENTS:

Liverpool Transcript 1857

does not mention the inscribed stone.



Liverpool Transcript Sep 1861

?The digger, Patrick? letter does not mention the inscribed stone, but does describe in detail the Onslow work, specifically them sinking a crowbar at 93ft into a wooden platform. Patrick self proclaims himself as ?one who knows?.



Liverpool Transcript Aug 1861

does not mention the stone.



Nova Scotian 20 Sep 1861

does not mention the stone.



Liverpool Transcript Dec 1861

does not mention the inscribed stone.



Halifax Sun and Advisor dated 2 July 1862

This paper contains the first mention of the inscribed stone. The author was J.B. McCully who drafted the letter on 2 June 1862. While offering information which described conditions as supposedly found during the 1805 excavation, McCully mentions the following:

?Some of them [layers] were charcoal, some putty, and one at 80 feet was a stone cut square, two feet long and about a foot thick, with several characters cut on it?.

No further details are provided other than this fleeting mention.

This above disclosure by McCully does not appear to have gained any interest.



Rambles Among the Blue noses Aug 1862 by Andrew Spedon

McCully is interviewed by Andrew Spedon for his book,. McCully does not mention the stone to Spedon.




Halifax Colonist 2 Jan 1864

Additional details of the stone are revealed through an anonymous letter detailing the history of the treasure hunt. The letter is signed by ?A Member, Truro Dec 20th 1863?. Research comparing the manuscript letter against a subsequent letter by George Cooke, Secretary of the Oak Island Association, found a positive match in hand writing style. George Cooke says he personally spoke with Smith about 14 years early, thus 1849 (Ref: PANS microfiche 10599). The only additional information contained in this article is the following:

?As it was preserved in the family of Mr. Smith it may be seen by the curious at the present day.?



A letter from John Hunter Duvar, Secretary to the Historical Society of Nova Scotia, to George Cook - 2 Jan 1864

John knows that George is the anonymous author and asks ?May I beg, in the name of the Society, to be informed with the name of the person in whose possession this stone is??



A letter by George Cooke to John Hunter-Duvar, replying to the letter of 2 Jan 1864, dated 27 Jan 1864

?Our making inquiries since receipt of your letter, I find that the chimney has been boxed around by a wooden partition, and that a flight of stairs back up near where the stone is inserted. I was not aware of this before. This may prevent the stone being got at without trouble?

George also discusses deciphering the stone and it is very important to the Oak Island Association.

George concluded the letter with the following:

?At the time I saw the stone, I noticed that there were some rudely cut letters, figures, or characters upon it. I cannot recollect which, but they appear as if they had been scraped out by a blunt instrument rather than cut by a sharp one.?

George also provides testimony from John Smith about the stone's discovery. Smith merely saw the stone come from below ground with Smith implying he was not present below ground on that day.

After the date from the above letter, the exact chain of custody for this inscribed stone is clouded.



James DeMille's "Treasure of the Sea? 1872

DeMille is a summer resident of Chester Basin during the later 1860s, he lived on Oak Island for a summer, and possessed firsthand knowledge of the underground workings through his own observations. (In October, 1865, James DeMille, M.A. was added to replace McCulloch who had died in March, 1865, and James Leichti was added as tutor in Modern Languages. DeMille remained until his death in 1880 and Leichti until 1901 [Ref: Dalhousie University - Earth Sciences - About Us - History - Chapter 2 ]

James Leichti is thought to have (at some point) translated the stone which read: "Ten feet below are two million pounds buried."

DeMille was kind enough to note the stone was already removed from the fireplace when he arrived on the island. DeMille also mentioned that up until this point, no person was able to decode the stone. Considering DeMille?s interest in the island, and for DeMille to have been Leichti?s boss at Dalhousie University, DeMille ought to have known if Leichti translated the stone prior to 1872.



Undated letter by William Blair (private collection)

?Jefferson W. McDonald, who first mentioned Oak Island to me in 1893, worked there under George Mitchell?.Mr. McDonald, who was a carpenter by trade, also told of taking down a partition in Smith?s house, in order that he with others might examine the characters cut on the stone used in the jamb of a fire place in the house. The characters were there all right, but no person present could decipher them.?

George Mitchell was the superintendant of works for the Oak Island Association, formed 3 April 1861 and ceased before 29 March 1865. RV Harris wrote ?About 1865-1866 the stone was removed and taken to Halifax. Among those who worked to remove the stone was one Jefferson W. MacDonald.?



1894 Prospectus ? Oak Island Treasure Company

This is the first instance in print to mention a translation of the stone. It implies for someone (an expert) of Halifax made the translation.

?Afterwards, it was placed in the jamb of a fireplace that Mr. Smith was building in his house, and while there was viewed by thousands of people. Many years afterwards, it was taken out of the chimney and taken to Halifax to have, if possible, the characters deciphered".

One of the experts gave his reading of the inscription as follows: "Ten feet below are two million pounds buried." We give this statement for what it is worth, but by no means claim that this is the correct interpretation. Apart from this, however, the fact remains that the history and description of the stone as above given have never been disputed.?



The Oak Island Treasure CHARLES B. DRISCOLL, (1929:Jan./June) p.685

?The stone was shown to everyone who visited the island in those days. Smith built this stone into his fireplace, with the strange characters outermost, so that visitors might see and admire it. Many years after his death, the stone was removed from the fireplace and taken to Halifax, where local savants were unable to translate the inscription. It was then taken to the home of J.B. McCulley in Truro, where it was exhibited to hundreds of friends of the McCulleys, who became interested in a later treasure company. Somehow the stone fell into the hands of a book binder, who used it as a base upon which to beat leather for many years. A generation later, with the inscription nearly worn away, the stone found its way to a book store in Halifax, and what happened to it after that I was unable to learn.?



27th March 1935 Letter of Harry W Marshall to Fred Blair and RV Harris

The stone was on display until 1919 in the store of Creighton and Marshall, which his father was a partner. Harry says one of the Creightons who was interest in the Oak Island Treasure Company brought the stone to Halifax, but no characters could be seen except for the initials JM which were carved into the stone in more recent times. Considering the Oak Island Treasure Company was in existence from 1893 to 1899, this can only mean a Creighton brought the stone to Halifax between 1893 and 1899.

blucher 05-31-2011 04:58 PM

The trail of the stone goes silent after 1919.


Conclusions

Early details about the stone are weak.

McCully?s failure to mention the stone to Andrew Spedon is most suspicious. The stone would have been the only tangible evidence to the early story. This lack of inclusion to Andrew Spedon defies logic, especially considering McCully mentioned the stone in the newspaper only one month earlier. Perhaps McCully did not know where the stone was located which is consistent, or had reservation in showing the stone.

At some point between 1849 and the death of Smith in 1857, George Cooke observed the stone and found characters. Between the time of George Cooke viewing the stone and replying to John Hunter-Duvar in Jan 1864, someone supposedly build a wooden partition which hid the stone.

John Hunter-Duvar, the Secretary for the Historical Society of NS never does see the stone, and never does obtain a rubbing. If so, it would have been included in a period publication of the society or would have made it into his own book, The Stone, Bronze and Iron Ages. (1892, London: Swan Sonnenschein & Co.) Chapter 12, - Explorations in North America.

Upon George Cooke disclosing the location of the stone in Jan 1864, it is quickly removed from the fireplace prior to the closing of the Oak Island Association.

We can gather by the dates, and folding of the Oak Island Association, for the stone to have been removed very close to the end of the company and very near to when its location was disclosed by George Cooke. If they knew about the location prior to the disclosure by George Cooke, then why did Jefferson MacDonald and company wait to remove the partition to view it?

While George Cooke says he saw characters and supposedly other folks in Halifax and Truro saw characters, by the time the stone arrives in Halifax for a second time, no characters are observed on the stone.

The stone had not yet been translated by 1872. This would be consistent for the information by Driscoll. The stone came to Halifax, then went to Truro, then in or after 1893 (a stone) made its way back to Halifax.

Did J.B McCully switch the stones, even perhaps selling a fake to the new Oak Island Treasure Company?

This paper contains the best information known as of 30 June 2009. [/QUOTE]
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RiponredTJ 05-31-2011 05:00 PM

I never cease to be amazed at the depth and breadth of the arcane curiosities that you always seem to have at your fingertips :)

I knew this scenario rang a bell with me. Turns out I read a book a couple of years ago based on the Oak Island treasure called Riptide, by Douglas Preston and Lincoln Child. It was an entertaining read, and I know I still have it somewhere on my rather messy bookshelves.

Cheers Michael :)

blucher 05-31-2011 05:49 PM

When I bought my first computer I traded in 5 library cards for 24/7 access to information. Within a few months I'd gathered 35 search engines under one app I could dispatch at will to seek out answers.

Oak Island was researchable but never to this degree. I love the web and it's gifts.

blucher 05-31-2011 06:03 PM

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Sacking of Lunenburg

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There would be nothing grander than for the site to have an authentic Iberian connection and dating prior to Columbus! Any type of Iberian connection dating to before 1600 would validate my research. As much as I would like this to be true, the known evidence simply does not point to this possibility.

The attached map is Anonymous 1755 of Halifax County. The red dot is the location of the walls. Notice there are no ?ancient? roads going directly to the site. The trail nearest the site was blazed in 1755. The caption reads the following:

?Capt ??? [Lewis?s?] March with a Party of Rangers to Lunenburg in Feby 1755 and from there to Piziquid.?

The trail they blazed became the road to Lunenburg and lasted until 1834. This road never approached the walls.

Considering this for what it is, why would Capt Lewis blaze a new trail, if a supposed ancient road already existed? After 1834 the current St. Margaret?s Bay road was constructed. This road is now south of the site and the lakes.

Fortunately we have many journals held at PANS which narrates the work of the rangers and others in exploring the vicinity of Halifax, especially due to the fact the population was suffering from raiding natives. Never once is the site mentioned, and never once are any ancient roads ever mentioned.

The iron staining rocks are a natural feature of the geology. Ringing the site of the walls in all directions, but especially to the east and south, the bedrock has been exposed for the construction of modern roads. As everyone knows, the walls are made from this bedrock. I am unaware of how long the chemical process takes for the iron to bleed out, but it is accelerated when consumed by biological organics. Other locations closer to Halifax which have been worked post 1749 have bled out the iron and have taken a dark appearance, thus 250 years seems longs enough for this bleed out to happen.

The below photo is about 200m from the walls for the purpose of showing this naturally occurring colorization.
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Sacking of Lunenburg

The Sacking of Lunenburg happened on the 1st of July 1782. It was a precise military operation lead by a Boston privateer named Noah Stoddard and is perhaps the most significant event of local history.

This article is rather long and is arranged in three parts. Part I covers the events of 1 July 1782, part II the events of 30 June 1782, and part III the aftermath and conclusions. In both parts I and II, I have listed a summary of observations which identify the inconsistencies of the story told by Chester's Justice of the Peace.

I have studied and dissected in great detail the events relating to the sacking, perhaps more than any other parts of my research. Events, narratives, and conflicting testimony will clearly show the Sacking of Lunenburg linked officials of Chester and Lunenburg into a conspiracy of lies. These officials would be Dr. Jonathan Prescott, Justice of the Peace of Chester (who controlled the lots of Oak Island), and Casper Wollenhaupt who was an influential Lunenburg business man and who would come to represent the Town of Lunenburg for the next General Assembly. Prescott owns island lots 8 and 22 at this time, and Wollenhaupt specifically owning (or coming to own) lot 18. He would sell this lot to John Smith in 1795. We must remember under what circumstances Wollenhaupt came to possess lot 18 is still unknown, there is no record of him coming into possession, only a deed of sale to John Smith.


Background

Both the Continental Congress and the State of Massachusetts offered legal commissions for the establishment of Privateers. Both levels of governments had rules and regulations for the conduct of privateers and diligently enforced these rules. One specific rule was for privateer commissions to end at the high water mark. Basically, they were not allowed to engage in activities on land. This rule was reinforced at several times throughout the Revolution with the Massachusetts Assembly specifically issuing instructions in 1781 for privateers not to engage in NS above the high water mark.

There exists today, only two eyewitness account of the sacking. One is of good detail, and the other is not. Haliburton mentions the sacking in his history of NS Vol. II, and Judge DesBrisay provided very good detail in his 1870 First Edition History of Lunenburg County. The judge used the statement of Leonard C Rudolf as a basis for information. No letters from Colonel Creighton are found in the Public Archives and describe the sacking. This is most unusual as the various government letter books are very complete.

Another detailed account is by Archibald MacMechan is his 1923 Saga of the Seas, which credits DesBrisay, the Massachusetts Historical Society, and the Navy Department at Washington. The Boston Gazette on July 15 and August 5 1782 published a version, and so did the Massachusetts Spy on August 8, 1782.



Part 1

Sacking of Lunenburg Account 1

Statement of Leonard C Rudolf, Esquire.

?Minutes of the invasion, and surprise of the town of Lunenburg , on Monday, the 1st July, 1782?

At the rising of the sun, the town was alarmed by the firing of a number of small guns, near the blockhouse and Mr. Creighton?s. The case was, that Mr. Creighton?s servant having perceived a large company of armed men coming on the road from the commons, had acquainted his master thereof. The night guard being already gone off, Colonel Creighton with only five men, got into the blockhouse, and at the approach of the enemy, they fired at, and wounded three men of the enemy.

The rebels directly divided in several parties, two of which ran to our two batteries, spiked the guns, broke everything, turned the guns and balls down to the water; some remained at Mr. Creighton?s, spoilt and burned his house and effects; they took himself with five men; and their vessels being now come round the point, they carried the Colonel, with others, prisoners on board their vessels. In the meantime other parties had overrun all the town, entered every house, seized all arms, which they either bent to pieces or kept, particularly the silver hilted swords and regimentals, to themselves. When their vessels were in, which were in all six, viz: one brigantine, a large schooner, a row galley, a sloop, and two small schooners, they landed more men, with some small carriage guns, which they carried up and placed near the old fort, with a main guard to secure themselves against our country people, that might come in that way. Now they fell a plundering the chief houses, and the shops, which they cleared-the sufferers are chiefly:

Mr. Creighton ? his house robbed and burnt.

Ditto - the store on the warf cleared.

Mr. Foster?s store.

Mr. Jessen?s house spoiled and robbed.

Knaut?s heirs? store robbed.

Mr. Bohlman?s store ditto.

Mr. Woolenhaupt?s stores.

Mr. Doing?s shop.

John Christopher Rudolf?s shop.

Mr. Munich?s and several other small shops.

These are to my certain knowledge, but there are many more robberies and damages done, whereof I am not yet informed. I am not able to value the whole loss, but think it will nearly amount to _____ ? left blank.

For the whole town we are at present almost without arms, ammunition, provisions, and merchandize; besides, I hear they have carried off from some houses money ? gold and silver.

The surprise was so sudden, that we had no alarm, except by the report of the firing at the blockhouse.

When I saw Colonel Creighton was carried off, I ventured to expose myself by going from house to house to see matters, and if anything could be done. I was also with Mr. De Laroche to beg his advice, who afterwards ventured with some principal inhabitants, to go on the vessel to try what he could do for Mr. Creighton, but without success.

Taken from the History of Lunenburg County, Judge DesBrisay, First Edition, 1870.



A summary of Leonard Rudolph?s statement.

Rudolf was an eyewitness; his statement was submitted shortly after the attack and even before they determined the value of losses. He says at sunrise and six ships with a military precision which can only mean the invader?s had intelligence of the town and knew the militia was absent. According to the NOAA Sunrise/Sunset Calculator, sunrise would have occurred at 4:36AM. This you will come to see these are very important details.

blucher 05-31-2011 06:07 PM

Sacking of Lunenburg Account 2
 
John Newton, Casper Wollenhaupt and OthoWm. Schwart

to Sir A. S. Hammond, Lieut. Gov. of Nova Scotia.



N.D. [1782.] ? Memorial. Narrating that on the 1st of July last [no year stated, but this happened in 1782] a party of 90 men under the command of Lieutenant Batterman landed

from five privateers at a place called Red Head, two miles distant, and entered the town by surprise at 4 o'clock in the morning, the privateers sailing up in front of the town. The

principal part of the inhabitants were then at Halifax ; those remaining were taken prisoners, Colonel Creighton having only time to get 6 men with himself into the Block House, which

he defended between two and three hours until the privateers came abreast and fired, when he was obliged to surrender. The captain of one of the privateers, whose name was Babcock,

and who had command of the party on shore, sent Wollenhaupt with a flag to the militia, who were then assembling, to say that if no opposition was made they would only take the merchandize in the town and would not injure buildings in town, which was acquiesced in. Having plundered everything to the amount of about 10,000/., they got on board their vessels and then demanded a ransom of 7,000/. for the town, but agreed to take 1,000/., for which memorialists were obliged to give a promissory note payable to Noah Stoddard, captain of the largest privateer. The block house and Colonel Creighton' s dwelling house were burnt, the guns

spiked, and all the small arms carried away. Pray for a captain, two subalterns, and fifty British troops to be stationed with a hundred stand of small arms and ammunition for use of the militia.



Original. Vol. 54, No. 114. 2 pages
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blucher 05-31-2011 06:16 PM

Sacking of Lunenburg Account 3& 4
 
Quote:

Boston Gazette, July 15, August 5, 1782 ; Massachusetts Spy, August 8, 1782

Four Massachusetts privateers engaged in an enterprise on the Nova Scotia coast which is described in the newspapers of the time. "Captains Babcock of the Hero, Stoddard of the Scammel, Woodbury of the Hope, and Tibbets of the Swallow, having determined to surprize and possess themselves of Lunenburgh, an elegantly situated Town, ten Leagues West of Halifax, landed Ninety Men two Miles below it, under the Command of Lieut. Barteman, on Monday the first Day of July Instant at half after Seven o'Clock A.M. This gallant Corps with amazing Rapidity reached the Town, and amidst many heavy Discharges of Musquetry from the Enemy, burnt the commanding Officer's House, a Blockhouse in the North West Part of the Town, spik'd up two 24 pounders, and forc'd the Enemy into the South Blockhouse, from whence they kept up a brisk and animating Fire and declared their Intention to hold out to the last Extremity. But their Animation subsided upon the Receipt of a few 4-pound Shot from the Hero and they reluctantly surrendered themselves Prisoners of War. The victorious Party with a natural and pleasing Vivacity fell to plundering, and quickly emptied the Stores of a Variety and considerable Quantity of Dry Goods, twenty Puncheons of good West-India Rum and the King's Beef, Pork and Flour. Upon the near Approach of the Combined Fleet, two 18 pounders were spiked up and dismounted and the Royal Magazine was safely deposited in the Hold of the Scammel. The strictest Decorum was observed towards the Inhabitants and their Wearing Apparel and Household Furniture inviolably preserv'd for their Use. The Town was ransomed for a Thousand Pounds Sterling and Colonel Creighton with some of the principal Inhabitants were shipped on board the Scammel. On the Side of the brave Sons of Liberty, three were wounded slightly, one dangerously; on the Part of the Abettors of Oppression and Despotism, the Number of slain and wounded unknown, only one of their slain being found."




Sacking of Lunenburg Account 4

The following is taken from Saga of the Seas, Archibald MacMechan, 1923. This narrative is the most complete and is based upon eyewitness accounts, local correspondence and various newspapers of the day. A statement of observations follows this article.

I FOREWORD OF HISTORY

THE town of Lunenburg in Nova Scotia was founded in 1753 with immigrants from the Lower Rhine, the Palatinate, and the Protestant stronghold Montbeliard on the border of Switzerland. It was named for the ancient city of Luneberg in Hanover, and it represented the policy of the British Government to people the province with Protestant settlers as a counterpoise to the French. Founded in a lull between two wars, when war was still regarded as a law of Nature, the site of the new town was selected with an eye to easy defense. It stands on a narrow hog's-back isthmus of a peninsula jutting far into the sea. The town itself was laid out as a small compact oblong of twelve streets crossing at right angles. Towards the nose of the peninsula seaward, two large parcels of land were set apart as commons and a series of garden-plots. On the landward side, beyond the isthmus, the farms were allotted on a generous scale. Each worthy settler received a town-lot, a garden-lot, a thirty-acre lot and a hundred acre farm. Chance decided the holdings, as the settlers drew from a pack of cards. Some of these cards are still occasionally produced as evidence in law-suits.

Three blockhouses, a pentagon fort with barracks, and a line of pickets protected the town on the west. Another blockhouse crowning a steep hill, one hundred and thirty-five feet above the water, defended the eastern flank. With adequate arms, a resolute garrison and fortifications in repair, Lunenburg should have proved a miniature Gibraltar.

This settlement has suffered many things. Even before the Seven Years' War broke out in 1756, Indians attacked the outlying farms, shooting, tomahawking, scalping helpless women and children till the terror stricken farmers abandoned their farms' and took refuge In the town. There, after a short decade of peace, the American Revolution came, bringing to the Lunenburg, as to the rest of the province, scarcity, high prices, and danger from enemy action. Their greatest hardship was the attack of the "rebels" in the last year of the war, when American privateers were most numerous and active. In 1775, two Yankee cruisers raided Charlottetown; Annapolis Royal was surprised and plundered in 1781; but the attack on Lunenburg is the best remembered and the most famous in the annals of the province.

II THE SURPRISE

At dawn on the 1st of July, 1782 (1), Magdalena Schwartz on Myra's Island went out to milk her cow. Hearing a noise, she looked up and saw a large band of armed men coming over the hill and trampling down her patch of barley. She dropped her pail in her fright, ran to the house and told her husband Leonard. At once he started to give the alarm, and, though fired at in crossing Rous's Brook, reached the town in safety. The enemy were close at his heels. In a few minutes every soul was awakened by the crackle of musketry fire about the eastern blockhouse. Fear and confusion reigned. What had happened?

The night before, Captain Weiderholt came in from Halifax and told Leonard Schwartz, "The Yankees are coming to-morrow." (2) The warning went unheeded, but the Yankees did come as predicted. During the night Six sail of privateers had landed a party of ninety men at Redhead, inside the harbor, two miles from the town, and at sunrise the invaders were on the march to attack it.(3)

The flagship of the hostile flotilla was the big topsail schooner Scammell of sixteen guns and sixty men. She was commanded by Noah Stoddard, a fitting name for a sailor. Like Lambro, "this sea-solicitor" was a genial pirate. His vessel was commissioned in April, and his first exploit, in company with the Lively privateer, Captain Adams, was rescuing the officers and crew of H.M.S. Blonde wrecked on Great Seal Island. The Blonde was a smart frigate, new coppered and "sailing swift as the wind," says the veracious Gazette; but the Blonde's high hopes of captures and prize-money were dashed. Some sixty American prisoners were on board when she was wrecked, but they escaped. Noah treated his unfortunate enemies with the greatest humanity, sending them back to Halifax and furnishing them with passes to secure them from molestation by other privateer men. In the long black record of privateers' brutality, such a deed shines like gold. Now Admiral Noah was directing with great skill a combined attack by sea and land upon a hostile provincial town. His ?operations" are a good example, on a small scale; of what the strategists call amphibious warfare (3).

The other vessels (4) were the Massachusetts schooner Hero, nine guns and twenty-five men, George Waitstill Babcock, master; the Massachusetts schooner Dolphin, eight guns and thirty men, Greag Power, master; the Massachusetts brigantine Hope, six guns and thirty five men, Herbert Woodbury, master; the New Hampshire cutter Swallow, five guns and twenty men, John Tibbets, master; and a small row-galley of unknown armament and crew. According to Major Pernette -- and he is confirmed by the Boston Gazette-- the expedition was organized in Boston for the express purpose of attacking Lunenburg.(5)

The Americans were in overwhelming force. Lunenburg contained at that time no more than forty or fifty dwelling-houses; many of the inhabitants were absent.(6) When the old, the invalids, and the children are omitted from the muster, there could not have been more than twenty men available for the defence.(7) Still there was a show of resistance. The first citizen was undoubtedly Colonel John Creighton, who had seen service as a lieutenant in the British Army during the war of the Austrian Succession, and had been wounded at Fontenoy. The privateers men planned to surround his house, which was near the blockhouse, and secure him first; but his servant saw the enemy advancing along the road across the common, and warned his master. Such casual warning should not have been necessary. The eastern blockhouse had a night-guard, which should have remained at their post until properly relieved, hut with the lax discipline of militia-men, they had gone off at dawn and left the blockhouse undefended. (8) Into this deserted strong-point the old colonel hurried with five men, and opened fire on the attackers. His faithful black servant, Sylvia, did yeoman service, carrying cartridge and ball in her apron to the fort from the Colonel's dwelling nearby. When the musket balls rattled against the walls of the Creighton house she sheltered the colonel's son with her body. Sylvia was something of a heroine. Tradition has it that she helped to load the muskets in the blockhouse and even fire them. Some of the bullets found their billet, for at least three of the invaders were winged, and one severely wounded.

How long the tiny garrison of the blockhouse held out is not clear from the records. The first landing party was speedily reinforced.(9) Having impressed three Lunenburgers as pilots, the privateers were soon descried sailing round East Point.(10) Without mishap, they all reached the inner harbour, anchored in face of the town, and landed another strong detachment, with four ship's guns. Their objective was the undefended blockhouse to the west of the town. Two parties rushed to the two batteries at the ends of the picket line, spiked the two twenty-four-pounders, and rolled them with their cannon-balls down the steep banks. They established themselves as a main guard on
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blucher 05-31-2011 06:17 PM

Sacking of Lunenburg Account 3& 4 (cont.)
 
continued:

Quote:

Blockhouse Hill, which commanded the whole neck of land leading from the town to the country, and they planted the guns from the ships so as to sweep the streets. Lunenburg was now completely cut off from the surrounding district, the landing parties strongly occupying both flanks, and the menacing flotilla at anchor in the harbor. The attack was a brilliant success, and a credit to the staff work of Admiral Noah Stoddard. (11)

Further resistance was useless. Colonel Creighton in the eastern blockhouse had no choice but surrender. He and two of his men were taken prisoner, marched down to the King's Wharf, and put on board the Scammell. Faithful Sylvia was allowed to escape. The defense of the blockhouse that July morning was a small affair, and there has been a tendency to view it in a humorous light; but, as Montaigne says, a man may show as much courage in dislodging a musketeer from a hen-roost as in slaying a champion in the sight of two armies. Later in the day the Reverend Pierre de la Roche, with other leading citizens, went on board the Scammell to beg for the Colonel's release, but in vain (12). Captain Stoddard bore his prisoner no ill will. After the war he sent kind inquiries by a Haligonian about the family of his late enemy, and stated that he had ?a great regard for the old gentleman."

The only other show of resistance was at Major D. C. Jessen's house. The major was a Holsteiner, who came to Nova Scotia in 1752. He held various civil posts in Lunenburg, amongst others, collector of imposts and excise. He made a stout defense, singlehanded of his home. The windows were smashed by musket bullets, and the door was being beaten in when he escaped by the back. Many years afterwards, when his house became Hirtle's tavern, bullet holes were still visible. He got safely out of the town, collected a number of militia-men and took post on the hill behind the town. He paid for the obstinacy of his defense. The privateer?s men looted the greatest part of his best furniture, his plate and all his clothes, besides a good deal of his money. The statement that he lost a large sum of public money collected for impost and excise he promptly contradicted in the Nova Scotia Gazette. His quarterly accounts bad been regularly made up, sent to Halifax and paid in there. The robbers got only a few shillings of government money, he declares, but he himself lost property valued at seven hundred pounds. That he did not suffer greater loss was due to Sylvia, who once more showed her pluck and mother-wit. After her escape from the blockhouse, she went to Major Jessen's house and packed his money and plate in a small chest. She wore very long skirts, and, when the privateer?s men came to ransack the house, she sat down on the chest and covered it completely with her ample draperies. She feigned to be badly frightened, screaming and crying with true African abandon. One man said, ?See what's under the old thing," whereat Sylvia redoubled her cries of distress. The leader said. "Let the black hag go? and the marauders went on. Then Sylvia bestowed the chest in the well, which the raiders had previously examined for loot.(13) All that these picaroons gleaned at Major Jessen's was a small silver cream-jug and a few other trifling articles. The cream-jug has a history. The raiding party went on to another house, and one man took off his jacket with the jug in it, and put on the militia tunic belonging to the master of the house. He forgot to transfer the jug, and this relic of the raid is preserved by one of the old Lunenburg families until this day,

blucher 05-31-2011 06:19 PM

The sack
 
Quote:

THE SACK

"The victorious party with a natural and pleasing vivacity fell to plundering," says the Boston Gazette, in its gleeful but imaginative account of the affair. It was not the pleasing aspect of the Vivacity that struck the Lunenburgers. They were terrified, and knew not what to expect. Some fled to the country; some made attempts at defence; some took cover; some tried to hide their valuables. The whole town was in the greatest confusion. The privateersmen entered the stores and the principal houses, taking what they wanted. Arms were the particular object of their search. These they either beat to pieces or kept for themselves. They showed a special fancy for the scarlet regimentals of the militia, and the silver-hilted dress swords. The shops were full of new spring goods-Faster's, Bohlman's, Wollenhaupt's. Knaut's heirs'-and these they swept clean, as well as half a dozen others. Dry-goods, provisions, gunpowder, whatever would be useful to them was carried on board their vessels. The king's stores beside the wharf yielded rich booty in ration beef, pork and flour. The powder and ammunition from the magazine were transferred to the Scammel's hold. Twenty puncheons of "good West India rum" mentioned by the Boston Gazette must have been welcome. (14) All day the Americans must have been as busy as nailers, transporting their plunder down the narrow steep streets to the King's Wharf, ferrying it out in their boats to the anchored vessels, and stowing it below hatches. The stevedore job could not be carelessly done. .

The town itself was a spectacle. What the Americans did not want they destroyed, or left laying about. An eye-witness reported the narrow streets ?strown with laces, ribbons, cottons, and many other kinds of shop goods." And the Lunenburgers were forced to look on helplessly at the wanton destruction of their property. One class of the community profited by the invasion-the small boys. To them the privateersmen were "very generous"-their generosity cost them nothing-giving them raisins and cakes and other goodies from the shops, no doubt to their huge delight.(15) The" pleasing vivacity" of the privateersmen showed itself also in a sort of impromptu masquerade. The wild-looking invaders, in their loose slop trousers and belts stuck full of pistols donned the red militia uniform tunics and stuck 'cocked hats, and women's bonnets, and mobcaps on their heads. The raid had a comic aspect to the raiders themselves. (16)

There is another item on the credit side of the ledger for the raiders. No woman was outraged or insulted, nor was any of the inhabitants assaulted or hurt. The Boston Gazette is correct in stating that "the strictest decorum was observed towards the inhabitants." There was one mild exception. Through the scenes of confusion moved the tall lank form of the Reverend Johann Gottlob Schmeisser, in his strange, foreign, clerical garments, doing his duty as a man of God by expostulating gravely with the invaders and trying to stop the pillaging. But he was fresh from Germany, he had assumed his charge only two months before, and, as his expostulations were in his native tongue, they had little effect. Still he made himself a nuisance, and asquad of impatient Yankees laid hands on him. He resigned himself to torture or death, but they only roped him, hands and feet. and left him lying like a trussed fowl in the middle of the Parade. His years as a theological student at Halle could hardly have prepared him for such an experience in the wilds of America.

IV THE RANSOM

While the privateersmen were working their will on the captured town, measures for its relief were being taken in two different directions. Early in the morning, two men had started from the Back Harbour in an open boat to carry the news to Halifax. Desbrisay says they did not reach their destination until Monday evening, which seems probable, for the distance to be covered was thirty-four miles, a long row. The Massachusetts Spy reports that armed ships started for Lunenburg the same day. As soon as intelligence reached Halifax, ? the most surprising exertions were made in fitting out the Cornwallis and two armed brigs, though they were in a manner totally unrigged, and their guns and stores out, yet they sailed for the relief of Lunenburg on Monday (read Tuesday?) forenoon (17). Since which another armed vessel has sailed." This was commanded by Captain Douglass of the Chatham. The Albacore and another armed vessel commanded by Captain Rupert D. George of the Charlestown, poor Evans's frigate, followed with two hundred Hessians from the regiment of Baron de Seitz. Everything possible was done, but the force arrived too late. This is evidently the ?near approach of the combined fleet" which the Massachusetts Gazette refers to as taking place on the Monday and motivating the retreat of the privateer flotilla.
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blucher 05-31-2011 06:21 PM

The Sack Pt. 2
 
Quote:

Some ten miles to the westward as the crow flies, at La Have Ferry, was Major Joseph Pernette(18), an old soldier who had served, like Colonel Creighton, at Fontenoy. He heard of the attack only about noon by word of mouth, as the fugitives from Lunenburg spread the alarm throughout the countryside. He went down in a boat to the Five Houses, and ordered the two twelve-pounders there to be fired, in order to alarm the militia in the harbour.(19) He gves as his reason for not acting earlier that there was no firing of great guns from Lunenburg.(20) In the next war, when anotherAmerican privateer appeared at the harbour mouth, the cannon at all the points, Kingsburg, Fort Boscawen and the rest, were fired at once, and set the militia-men in motion without delay. As soon as Major Pernette had assembled twenty men, he marched on Lunenburg, leaving orders for the rest to follow as fast as possible. But the roads were bad, and in spite of his efforts, it was not till after four that he effected a junction with Major Jessen, who was awaiting reinforcements on the hill outside the town. The two officers were concerting their plan of attack, when a messenger came posthaste from the town, begging them not to make any move for the relief of the inhabitants, as the Americans had threatened to burn down every house in the place if the attempt were made.(21) Colonel Creighton's house was actually going up in flames. Admiral Noah had demanded a ransom. In the last hour of the American occupation was carried out one of the strangest commercial transactions on record. Three of the leading citizens of Lunenburg, the Reverend Pierre de la Roche, "Ang. Presb." as he signs himself, from Geneva, Caspar Wollenhaupt and John Bohlman, owners of the gutted shops, signed a promissory note for one thousand pounds in favour of Noah Stoddard, payable at Halifax (of all places) in thirty days.(22) How" this sea-solicitor" expected to collect his money is a mystery.(23) At all events, the note was signed by the three representatives of the town; Majors Pernette and Jessen held their hand; and about five? o'clock, from their post of vantage on the hill, they saw the motley flotilla sail out of the harbor "deeply loaded with plunder." From the raiders' point of view the invasion was a brilliant success. Their plan of attack was executed without a hitch, they lost no men, and they got away safely with loot valued variously from eight thousand to twelve thousand pounds.(24) "The brave sons of liberty" had taught "the abettors of oppression and despotism" a lesson not soon to be forgotten. But they left trouble in their wake. The Lunenburgers begged Lieutenant-Governor Hammond for soldiers to protect them, and he had none to spare for an outpost.(25) They were left a prey to fears. The three signatories of the promise to pay protested publicly that they had no means of meeting their obligation. Their fellow-townsmen were in the same case. So the town lived in constant apprehension, for "rebel" privateers were always hovering about the coast, until Captain Bethell arrived in the fall with a detachment of troops. By the end of the year the war was over and the cloud of anxiety lifted. That black Monday must have been the strangest, the most eventful, and the most vivid in the whole history of Lunenburg. The record reads like a milder page from the history of the Thirty Yeats' War.(26)



Summary of Observations

At dawn on the 1st of July, 1782, According to NOAA Sunrise/Sunset Calculator, sunrise would have occurred at 4:36AM.
The night before, Captain Weiderholt came in from Halifax and told Leonard Schwartz, "The Yankees are coming to-morrow." According to NOAA Sunrise/Sunset Calculator, sunset on 30 June 1798 occurred at 8:06PM
This operation is the first known such amphibious assault and is still referred to this day in the annals of the US Marine Corps. This can only speak to up-to-date local intelligence and assistance.
While this article says a total of five ships, eyewitness testimony by Rudolf says six. This is most interesting as the Boston Gazette did not report six ships.
How would Major Pernette know ?the expedition was organized in Boston for the express purpose of attacking Lunenburg?, when according to all accounts, the Major did not meet the privateers and was not present during the sacking?
Wollenhaupt letter says many folks were in Halifax.
According to Dr. Ester Clark Wright, the population around Lunenburg in 1783 was about 4000.
Considering the night before a warning was given, and the previous events of privateers in the area, I think it unreasonable to conclude the guard left his post without a care or concern as is implied because he was merely a militia man.
Again, this has all of the hallmarks of a well timed plan. The reinforcement could only have been the additional privateers who were need to sail the ships from Red Head to the town.
Considering the timings and obvious intelligence of the plan, relying upon Lunenburgers to act as pilots seems reasonable; however, what is unreasonable is for the plan to relying on the offhand chance that once could actually capture these pilots. I contend for these pilots not to have been Lunenburgers. Additionally, given so many names are mentioned, why were the names of these pilots not?
This is clear evidence that Stoddard had excellent intelligence of the town, vantage points, and means to acquire and defend, especially in that he knew where to find the cannons so quickly and assigned men for that purpose.
We know the other men were Wollenhaupt and Bohlman. Why were these folks not taken, or were they? Additionally, Wollenhaupt has much freedom throughout the Sacking. He is tasked to take the white flag to the few Militiamen and is on the Privateer ship, and is negotiating a bond with Stoddard.
This statement defies common sense and makes for a good tale as to why Major Jensen did not lose too much. I think he knew what was coming on 1 July 1782 and hid his valuables beforehand.
In 1785, Stoddard visits Halifax. He is subsequently detained and sued in Halifax Supreme Court by the Cochran brothers for the theft of this rum. Keep in mind, many of the Town?s principles are part of government, yet they do not sue or seek compensation.
Are we to think the town?s folks were very terrified; however they let their children go mingle with the privateers?
The privateers executed a perfect plan for capturing the town. This ?unprofessionalism? or lack of concern can only speak to them knowing they would not suffer a counter-attack.
This is correct information, but how did they know to sail for Lunenburg before the arrival of the warning from two men in a row boat. Personally I think the story of rowing to Halifax is absurd, perhaps it was a row boat with a sail, or they met with another ship who took them to Halifax. I will mention this warning in Part II ? The Rest of the Story.
Recall Major Pernette giving a statement that he knew of the Privateer?s sole aim was to sack Lunenburg? How could this be when he was not present?
Major Pernette gives indication for this to be the prescribed warning method for the area. This method will be very important in Part II ?The Rest of the Story.
While Lunenburg?s cannons may not have been fired, the Privateer?s 4lb cannons were fired. Even with them being of a smaller size, the boom they would have made would surely have been loud enough to raise the warning for a mile or so anyways.
This messenger was Casper Wollenhaupt. How did the privateers know the militia was gathering behind the hill and thus send a messenger?
Stoddard must have known Wollenhaupt and Bohlman were men of means; otherwise why would he accept a note from them?
He either did not intend on collecting as he was not permitted above the high water mark, or he intended on collecting after the war.
Clearly well planned. This is amazing considering Stoddard was only 27 years old.
We have read Lunenburg was well defended, had an excellent militia, yet they still request more troops. The troops could hardly be for protection, but rather represented cash.
The most important information of all inconspicuously goes without mention. What of the town?s folks fishing and trading ships? Surely they could not have all been absent that day, if we are to believe no one had knowledge of the impending attack. This is especially true of the ship which Captain Weiderholt supposedly arrived in the night before. The privateers would not have spared any ship for they would have been a valuable prize; however, no mention is ever made of a ship being captured or sunk.
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blucher 05-31-2011 06:24 PM

lies about the previous day's events
 
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Quote:

In the words of modern radio personality Paul Harvey, ?and now for the rest of the story?. Local legend and lore alone tell of Stoddard visiting Chester on the previous day. He was met by and dined with Chester's Justice of the Peace and community leader, one Dr. Jonathan Prescott. He is a very interesting man in his own right. Originally from Concord Mass, he came to Nova Scotia as a Captain of Engineers for the first siege of Louisburg. He would come to Halifax shortly after its founding and eventually become a very wealthy businessman. He would associate with men who were both sympathetic to the American cause and who were profiting from the Revolution. Jonathan's one son was a surgeon in the Revolutionary Army with ties to George Washington, his only nephew was Dr. Samuel Prescott, the very fellow who finished the ride of Paul Revere. Readers must keep the following in mind:

a. Dr. Jonathan Prescott never wrote to the government about events on 30 June 1782,

b. There are no letters in any government letter book, neither in nor out,

c. Details of these events were made public after the 1784 arrival of Loyalists.

The following is an article by H. Shirley Fowke, Red Coats from Atlantic Advocate 1962. This story encompasses all of the elements from Desbrisay and information found at Lordly House, Chester. The are no books and no authors which have linked the events of 30 June and 1 July 1782. You are reading it here for the first time.

I have underlines and put in parenthesis, references which follow in a summary of observations.

THE SOUTH SHORE of Nova Scotia - that stretch of two hundred miles or so of ragged coastline running from Halifax southwesterly to Yarmouth, at the tip end of the Province---is a treasure-house of lore for the weaver of tales.

Truth, here, is often stranger than fiction. Pirates, ghost ships, hoards of buried gold, bulk large in the mass of material. The sea either plays a leading role in the stories, or forms the background for their setting. Sinister, gentle, of variable mood, it is always there, never far from the core of the action.

The little town of Chester, built on its several hills, dreams still, under its ancient chestnut trees, of other days when it knew the stir of trade, for its ships voyaged far afield, and the hazards of wars fought out by the American privateersmen against the loyal militia of His Majesty of England.

Cannon balls may still be ploughed up in gardens about the narrow? front harbour and many relics ? ancient swords, lovingly preserved, and scarlet uniforms stored in attic chests, bear mute witness to the exciting encounters of other times. There are still remains of a fort, begun but never completed, at the end of the sprawling point of land that guards the harbour entrance; while the garrison blockhouse remains a memorial to those periods of stress and dread.

On the Parade, flanking the monument to veterans of the First and Second World Wars are mounted two ridiculously small brass cannon that, incredibly, once helped to protect the town from attack. They formerly stood, facing out to sea, on Blockhouse Hill, threatening with their pygmy mouths the redoubtable ships of the Yankees that made constant forays on the inhabitants during the Revolution and the War of 1812.

Chester, indeed, was, for many years, a favorite target for raids by these marauders.

The plundering Yankees, sailing their fast ships, at least one of which was equipped with sixteen sweeps to ensure speed in calm weather, took delight in making unexpected descents on the settlers of that strip of coastline, carrying off cattle, hens, and any household goods they fancied-and their taste was catholic.

They had a fondness' for kidnapping the inhabitants, also, capturing them from fishing vessels surprised on the cod banks, or spiriting them out of their very beds. Now and then they ferried them to Boston or Salem, where they were held for ransom, or, if supplies on the ships were dwindling, they jettisoned them on some forsaken headland far from home, for the harassed and ill-fed settlers of the place to feed and care for.

blucher 05-31-2011 06:32 PM

Piratical
 
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Oak Island Connected

We know six privateer ships were present during Lunenburg, but only three reported at Chester. I contend the other three were at Oak Island. They were either dropping something off, or they were picking something up. Regardless, there is evidence on Oak Island for someone sympathetic to the American cause to have been present (at some point).

On the north shore boundary line which divides lots 14 and 15 there is a very large interesting rock. It currently rests on a rocky beach, but was once placed on the hill above. The rock itself sports a very interesting carving of a tree. The image contained below is of this rock. One can easily see it is an odd way to represent a tree with the design being very unique. The rock also has the engraved name of either a past treasure hunter or visitor which dates to 1897. The two cannot be related as they are of different engraving techniques, depths and widths. The tree even appears slightly more faded than the name. Additionally, trees are usually carved in the vertical axis, not horizontally. This present orientation of the tree, speaks to the rock having tumbled down the hill. Viewing closely into the first photo and behind the rock, one can see the rock split when it landed.

Interesting notes to come from this investigation

The final connection to Oak Island by Stoddard?s fleet comes at a later period. During the 1800s, Stoddard was involved with the first bank of Fairhaven Connecticut. It was during this time we see the names of Putnam, Chappell, and Delano. While Putnam and Chappell are clearly identified and associated with the island, the name Delano is not.

All of the Chappells from Bay Vert or Green Bay came from two brother, Elipalet "Liffy" Chappell and Jabez Chappell. This family has origins in the same part of Connecticut where Stoddard settled. Our William Chappell of the 1890s originally hailed from Green Bay; however was still associated with Amherst during the 1890s. The original brothers themselves were already in NS prior to 1763, however they both came from very large families which remained in Connecticut . The Eddy rebellion in NS happened right on their door step and as we can read, these folks were right in the thick of it.


Warren Delano was a partner in the bank along with Stoddard. A few years later, Warren's daughter would give birth to Franklin Delano Roosevelt. While Oak Island authors speculate he was merely on a youthful summer adventure through happen chance, the evidence clearly shows a valid connection to a time of suspicious activities and from the very source of the suspicious activity, Stoddard.

blucher 05-31-2011 08:08 PM

Geology of Oak Island and Mahone Bay
 
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https://www.oakislandtheories.com/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=99:geology-of-oak-island-and-mahone-bay&catid=31:general&Itemid=46
While water courses and hydraulic connections below the island are a certainty, are they man-made or natural?

The Barringer Very Low Frequency survey of 1988 was disappointing; however, it did show differences between pre and post pumping action resulting in an interpreted water course. The thought to be water course is greater than 20ft in width; thereby, giving support to a natural feature.

Below are some links to geological sources for Mahone Bay.


Geological Map of Chester
Map Gallery

Till Clast and Glacial Geology of Chester, Nova Scotia
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Map of Meguma Terrane Enhanced (Second Vertical Derivative) Aeromagnetic Digital Data of the Chester Area.
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Preliminary Geological Map of Chester
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Preliminary Gold Compilation Map of the Meguma Terrane In Nova Scotia
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Mineral Resource Land-use Map of the Chester Area
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Surficial Geology Map of the Chester Area
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Airborne Magnetic Map of the Lunenburg Area
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Map of the Gold Deposits of Nova Scotia
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Geological Map of the Province of Nova Scotia
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Magnetic Map of Nova Scotia
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Bouguer Gravity Anomaly Map of Nova Scotia
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Principal Classes of Mineral Deposits Map of Nova Scotia
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Metamorphic Map of Nova Scotia
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Structural Map of Nova Scotia
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Map of Geothermal Resource Areas in the Province of Nova Scotia
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Geochemical Atlas of Nova Scotia
Map Gallery


Preliminary Gold Compilation Map of the Meguma Terrane In Nova Scotia
https://www.gov.ns.ca/natr/meb/data/m...52_200_cln.pdf

Geological Map of Nova Scotia Showing Barite, Fluorite, and Celestite Occurrences
Map Gallery


Metallic Mineral Map of the Province of Nova Scotia
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Probability of Bedrock Occurring Within 10 Feet of the Surface
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Probability of Bedrock Occurring Within 10 Feet of the Surface (not the same as above)
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Drumlin Fields in the Southeastern Shore Area of Nova Scotia
Map Gallery

Last Updated (Friday, 17 December 2010 10:56)

blucher 05-31-2011 08:29 PM

Oak Island for Dummies I
 
<including me>

These tales come from many directions and are obscured by half truths, conjecture & greed. This seems like a good simplified version.

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https://www.activemind.com/Mysterious/Topics/OakIsland/story.html
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The Discovery

One summer day in 1795 Daniel McGinnis, then a teenager, was wandering about Oak Island, Nova Scotia (see Geography) when he came across a curious circular depression in the ground. Standing over this depression was a tree whose branches had been cut in a way which looked like it had been used as a pulley. Having heard tales of pirates in the area he decided to return home to get friends and return later to investigate the hole.

Over the next several days McGinnis, along with friends John Smith and Anthony Vaughan, worked the hole. What they found astonished them. Two feet below the surface they came across of layer of flagstones covering the pit. At 10 feet down they ran into a layer of oak logs spanning the pit. Again at 20 feet and 30 feet they found the same thing, a layer of logs. Not being able to continue alone from here, they went home, but with plans of returning to search more.

It took the three discoverers 8 years, but they did return. Along with The Onslow Company, formed for the purpose of the search, they began digging again. They quickly got back to 30 foot point that had been reached 8 years ago. They continued down to 90 feet, finding a layer of oak logs at every 10 foot interval. Besides the boards, at 40 feet a layer of charcoal was found, at 50 feet a layer of putty, and at 60 feet a layer of coconut fiber.

At 90 feet one of the most puzzling clues was found - a stone inscribed with mysterious writing.

Note: For more information about the stone inscription and to try your hand at translating the stone's inscription go here.

After pulling up the layer of oak at 90 feet and continuing on, water began to seep into the pit. By the next day the pit was filled with water up to the 33 foot level. Pumping didn't work, so the next year a new pit was dug parallel to the original down to 100 feet. From there a tunnel was run over to The Money Pit. Again the water flooded in and the search was abandoned for 45 years.

The Booby Trap

As it turns out, an ingenious booby trap had been sprung. The Onslow Company had inadvertently unplugged a 500 foot waterway that had been dug from the pit to nearby Smith's Cove by the pit's designers. As quickly as the water could be pumped out it was refilled by the sea.

This discovery however is only a small part of the intricate plan by the unknown designers to keep people away from the cache.

In 1849 the next company to attempt to extract the treasure, The Truro Company, was founded and the search began again. They quickly dug down to 86 feet only to be flooded. Deciding to try to figure out what was buried before attempting to extract it, Truro switched to drilling core samples. The drilling produced some encouraging results.

First Hints of Treasure

At 98 feet the drill went through a spruce platform. Then it encountered 4 inches of oak and then 22 inches of what was characterized as "metal in pieces""; Next 8 inches of oak, another 22 inches of metal, 4 inches of oak and another layer of spruce. The conclusion was that they had drilled through 2 casks or chests filled will coins. Upon pulling out the drill they found splinters of oak and strands of what looked like coconut husk.

One account of the drilling also mentions that three small gold links, as from a chain, were brought up. Unfortunately no one knows where they have gone.

Interestingly, the earth encountered beneath the bottom spruce platform was loose indicating that the pit may have gone even deeper. A later group of searchers would find out how much deeper.

The Truro Company returned in 1850 with plans to dig another parallel hole and then tunnel over to the Money Pit. Just like before, as they tunneled over, water began to rush in. They brought in pumps to try to get rid of the water but it was impossible to keep the water out. During the pumping someone noticed that at Smith's Cove during low tide there was water coming OUT of the beach.

This find lead to an amazing discovery - the beach was artificial.

Artificial Beach

It turns out that the pit designers had created a drain system, spread over a 145 foot length of beach, which resembled the fingers of a hand. Each finger was a channel dug into the clay under the beach and lined by rocks. The channels were then filled with beach rocks, covered with several inches of eel grass, and then covered by several more inches of coconut fiber. The effect of this filtering system was that the channels remained clear of silt and sand while water was still allowed to flow along them. The fingers met at a point inland where they fed sea water into a sloping channel which eventually joined the Money Pit some 500 feet away. Later investigations showed this underground channel to have been 4 feet wide, 2 1/2 feet high, lined with stone, and meeting the Money Pit between the depths of 95 to 110 feet.

To the Truro Company, the answer was now simple - just block off the water flow from the beach and dig out the treasure. Their first attempt was to build a dam just off the beach at Smith's Cove, drain the water, and then dismantle the drain channels. Unfortunately a storm blew up and destroyed the dam before they could finish.

An interesting note: the remains of an older dam were found when building the new one.

The next plan was to dig a pit 100 feet or so inland in the hopes of meeting with the water channel underground at which point they could plug the channel. This scheme too failed. And this was the last attempt by the Truro company to uncover the secrets of Oak Island.


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