The Sunken Village Archaeological Site is situated in northern Portland, more specifically on the Island of Sauvie. This National Historic Landmark holds Native American settlement remains from 1250 AD, particularly the Chinook Settlement.
Chinooks who inhabited the site were known to be successful and cosmopolitan people. They practices relied on hunting and gathering to sustain their economy, paving the way for trade relations. Despite the widely occupied villages within the area, only a few of its cultural materials remain.
The Sunken Village is also referred to as a "wet site," an area made up of terrestrial and marsh-like land, in which and anaerobic environment protects the underlying cultural material.
And even though the site dates back to the 1200's, its existence was only reported in a 1950's newsletter of the Oregon Archaeological Society.
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