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The Columbia Canal is a historic area in Richland County, South Carolina. It is one of the last remaining canals that were built in 1824 by Irish immigrants so there would be direct water routes around the region.

Initially, the aim of constructing the Columbia Canal was so the rapids could be navigated. It was designed so it won?t flood the neighboring areas and was equipped with a diversion dam and locks. In 1891, it was redesigned so it can be used to generate hydroelectricity.

Currently the focal point of the Riverfront Park in the city of Columbia, the Columbia Canal is also used as a source for hydroelectricity for the South Carolina Electric & Gas Co. It is listed on the NHRP since 1979.
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