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Virginia Attractions / Landmarks / Places > Surry Email This Bookmark Print
Major Arthur Allen, a merchant and a Justice of the Peace in Surry County in Virginia, built a Jacobean (also in Greek Revival) brick house in 1665 where he and his wife Alice Allen lived, but this house is now known as the Bacon?s Castle after it was seized and fortified by some of the followers of Nathaniel Bacon when they mounted what came to be known as Bacon?s Rebellion, in 1676.

T he only surviving "high-style" house from the 17th century and one of the only three surviving Jacobean great houses in the Western Hemisphere, the Bacon?s Castle features triple-stacked chimneys, shaped Flemish gables, and carved compass roses. A seventeenth-century garden, with white sand walkways leading to the 1100 acre planting beds which are still cultivated and a brick wall that serves as a wind protection, decorates the surrounding of the castle.

Acquired in the 1970s by the Association for the Preservation of Virginia Antiquities (now known as Preservation Virginia) through a purchase agreement, the Bacon?s Castle had undergone several restorations and was opened to the public in 1983 as one of the Historic Houses (also functions as museums) in Virginia. Today, visitors can experience a restructured seventeenth century garden, an eighteenth century smokehouse and a nineteenth century slave quarter.
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